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14 Apr 2012
CITB01H3 CITY STUDIES (LEC 10) 3/21/2012 8:12:00 AM
Last Regular Lecture of this Course
Planning and Managing Growth
Review of Last Week: describe the dominant land use planning patterns in
the post world war period, suburbanization, car-oriented development,
dominated urban development across NA, facilitated by the state of
governments, (highways, mortgage programs) for private ownership mostly
in the suburban‟s. (residential, commercial, manufacture)
People can live away from where they work, and commute to where they
Dominant transportation planning was never thought as a separate planning
strategy; hierarchial network of highway with freeways at the top of the
hierarchy. Planners began to understand the limits of scrawl, and negative
externalities of uncontrolled suburban sprawl. (congestion, smog, pollution)
Transit Friendly Land use planning
Increase density around transportation facilities
More people will be using public transportation, rather then
relying on their own private cars.
Car-sharing, subsidies to metropass, high occupancy vehicle
lanes in the highway
GTA & most important regional plans: regional
transportation plan “big move” implemented by the
provincial government (METROLINX)
Read the Documents! (big move, official plan, the places to grow plans)
Dominant planning issues today: uncontrolled urban sprawl; reform
strategies in place; embrace new ways of thinking of urban development
2 reform strategies: Smart Growth and Urbanism
Week #3: Contemporary Urban patterns (Burnes and Simmons)
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Winning Regions and Losing Regions
GTA is one of the winning regions (and CMAs)
o Growing regions will face continued pressure to accommodate
new residents, rapid growth has risen house prices, and less
unemployment. Growth has overwhelmed physical
infrastructure, more social services need to be provided.
Smart Growth
Present yourself as a planner who thinks about growth,
development and investment, while also taking environmentalism,
and sustainability into consideration
Smarth Growth: urban reform movement; think conceptually it
focuses on the existing city centre, and the complete suburban
o Recreating high quality development in the fringes of the CMA
o Nodle Approach: transporation planning is closely linked to
growth management and questions about it
Complete Community: with every facility, parks recreational spaces, retail,
employment opportunities, residential space, schools, and transportation
options. They don't have to move around too much, everything is nearby. If
you can do everything in walking distance, or within easy access that
community is considered complete.
Death and Life of Urban Cities: Modern planning destroyed the American
City; advocacy for recreating urban life in NA.
Mixing of uses: Smarth Growth is about preservation of natural
resources, and promotion of public health.
New Urbanism
Geared around urban design; a attempt to recreate the
“traditional neighbourhood design
Its key design principles: are diversity of people and uses, human
scale of communities: scale in terms of environment, walking
distances, and easy accessibility.
Two are not synonymous but there are overlap
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This focuses more on design and smart growth is a regional
development strategy.
*Try to read what are the differences, but there are lots of overlap
Cornell, Markham (complete community) but lacks employment
Some stores are empty; people rely on the car to go to nearest
shopping centers
AMERICAN MAKEOVER: Atlanta (video) episode 1: sprawatlanta
How Glenwood Park overcame urban sprawl
Congress of New Urbanism
Spread word about new urbanism
Exchange experiences and thoughts about new urbanism
Some laws don't commit to mixed land uses that new urbanism
tries to promote
Kingston-Galloway neighborhood, small-scale retail along Lawrence
Avenue West, you need to request for zoning by law to permit a
residential, or commercial or small-plaza law.
Many limits to this form of urbanism; growth/population lead to more
buildings and developments, adding to sprawl
Charter of New Urbanism: familiarize yourself with this document
Greater Golden Horseshoe: Growth Plan by David Caplan
Act was passed in 2005 : Places to Grow Act
Plan was released in 2006 through the Ministry of Public
Infrastructure Renewal
Plan identified planning challenges:
Congestion; clogged corridors
Number 1 ranking of commuting times Toronto!
Lack of efficient and active public transit
Connection between land use and transportation planning
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