Midterm Review Study.docx

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City Studies
Ahmed Allahwala

Midterm Review Study Planning Act: - Planning in Ontario is governed by the Planning Act and The City of Toronto Act. The Planning Act requires each municipality to have an official plan, outlines the approval processes for land development and the minimum requirements for public consultation, and sets out appeal rights to the Ontario Municipal Board. - The Planning Act sets out the ground rules for land use planning in Ontario and describe how land uses may be controlled, and who may control them - The Planning Act is administered by the Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing - The purpose of the act is to:  promote sustainable economic development in a healthy natural environment within a provincial policy framework (protecting/managing our natural resources)  provide for a land use planning system led by provincial policy  provide for planning processes that are fair by making them open, accessible, timely and efficient  encourage co-operation and coordination among various interests  recognize the decision-making authority and accountability of municipal councils in planning Upper Tier Plans / Regional Plans: - upper tier municipality means a municipality of which two or more lower-tier municipalities form part for municipal purposes - This is a proposal by the Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing to amend Ontario Regulation under the Planning Act to require all upper-tier municipalities to adopt an official plan. - Ontario's planning system and the Provincial Policy Statement are aimed at building and maintaining strong communities, a clean and healthy environment and a strong economy. As well, an efficient and effective planning system is based on having up-to-date official plans that guide accountable municipal governments in making day-to-day local land use planning decisions. Official Plan: - sets out your municipality's general policies for future land use - describes your upper, lower or single–tier municipal council's policies on how land in your community should be used - prepared with input from you and others in your community and helps to ensure that future planning and development will meet the specific needs of your community - deals with issues such as:  where new housing, industry, offices and shops will be located  what services like roads, watermains, sewers, parks and schools will be needed  when, and in what order, parts of your community will grow  community improvement initiatives - the purpose of an official plan is to:  let the public know what the municipality's general land use planning policies are  make sure that growth is coordinated and meets your community’s needs  help all members of your community understand how their land may be used now and in the future  help decide where roads, watermains, sewers, garbage dumps, parks and other services will be built  provide a framework for establishing municipal zoning by-laws to set local regulations and standards, like the size of lots and height of buildings - the Planning Act requires the city to have an official plan Secondary Plans: - Secondary Plans establish local development policies to guide growth and development in defined areas of a city where major physical changes are expected and desired and applies to areas where significant redevelopment is expected - the purpose of a secondary plan is to:  Adapts and implements the objectives, policies, land use designations and overall planning approach of the City’s Official Plan to fit with local contexts.  Establishes local development policies unique to an area that will guide growth and change in that area.  Promotes a desired type and form of physical development in a specific area  Guides public and private investment Plan of Subdivision: - When you divide a piece of land into two or more parcels and offer one or more for sale, you are subdividing pr
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