Definitions and essay question #2.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
City Studies
Ahmed Allahwala

Definitions + Essay question #2 Ontario Municipal Board The Ontario Municipal Board is an independent administrative board that operates as an adjudicative panel dealing with property and planning matters. The OMB hears appeals to Council decisions on development applications. Applicants may also appeal the City's failure to meet legislated time frames. The OMB hears applications and appeals on:  Land use planning under the Planning Act and other legislation;  Financial issues related to development charges, land expropriation, municipal finance and other legislated financial areas;  Municipal issues as legislated under the OMB Act and other legislation;  Other issues assigned to the Board by Provincial Statute. The relevance of this term to urban planning is that it is seen to many planners as “pro- development” which means on the side of private planners rather than city planners. The courts to be expensive, time consuming, and possibly more in favour of developer arguments of fairness, rather than planning expertise. As a result, it becomes difficult for city planners to prevent private planners who are self interested from ruining the city’s vision. An example: Orangeville’s municipal governments had made the case for cultural sustainability by showing a consistent commitment to heritage protection. In the late 1970s, Orangeville had created its downtown Business Improvement Area (BIA) where small businesses could thrive. However, heritage interests became threatened when, in the late 1990s, Wal-mart began to indicate interest in locating at a location outside of the downtown area. The development proposal was contested at the Ontario Municipal Board, as studies indicated that it would likely impact Orangeville’s historic BIA/downtown core and member businesses’ viability. Zoning Bylaws Zoning is the main planning tool to regulate land use through land-use districts and designations, height control, placement of building on parcel (setbacks or front, side and rear yards), lot coverage (building footprint) and Density (floor-area ratio). Zoning Bylaws are laws that specify the use of or restrict land use including set-backs and building types. Zoning bylaws have three basic components: maps, words and numbers. They set the stage for contemporary planning activities. Municipalities enact such documents as a way of implementing the intent of policies set out in the plan. The relevance of this term to urban planning is that plans may identify some areas in particular zones as appropriate candidates for special negotiated conditions. Areas are designated for comprehensive development districts or planned unit developments may be governed by development agreements negotiated between a municipal government and a developer. As aresult, the development offers planners design flexibility. However, zoning bylaws can also restrict planners. An example of how zoning bylaws can restrict not only planners but residents as well is the new city restriction to regulate how many cars one can have on the driveway. There are other concerns of signs, accessory buildings, home occupations, aesthetics and cultural diversity. For example, signs can’t be overtly huge to block from other important areas or signs. Zoning bylaws has also had a racist history where it was used to exclude people of different races and class. Development Control It is when the local government regulates land use and new building. It relies on a "plan-led system" whereby development plans are formed and the public is consulted. Subsequent development requires planning permission, which is granted or refused with reference to the development plan as a material consideration. The term "development control" is often abbreviated to DC. The relevance of this term to urban planning is that these types of plans are usually put forward by private individual or developers. Therefore, it is the planner’s responsibility to assess whether the development meets the “intent of the Plan.” An example is a planner using a piece of land and dividing a large parcel of usually vacant land into building lots. (There’s not really an example I can find:
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