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CLAA05H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Inanna, Ereshkigal, Mmix

Classical Studies
Course Code
Douglas Frayne
Study Guide

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F i n a l E s s a y C L A A 0 5 H 3 F
Essay Title: Disgrace & Deception
Student Name: Edwina Huang
Student Number: 998812799
Date: Wednesday November 30, 2011

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“Love is stronger than death even though it can‟t stop death from happening, but
no matter how hard death tries it can‟t separate people from love. It can‟t take away our
memories either. In the end, life is stronger than death.”
However, people cannot come
back from the dead, but this is not written in stone for a dying god. A dying god is
someone who has lived on Earth once as a human and has been reborn into a god, a god
of the underworld. There are many ancient myths depicting different views of different
dying gods and yet, Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia‟s dying gods hold the most
similarities between each other. However many similarities there may be, there are
always differences. These two regions have completely diverse languages, they do not
come close to resembling each other and yet their dying gods are still so alike. Osiris, the
dying god of Ancient Egypt, corresponds to Dumuzi, the dying god of Mesopotamia.
These two gods, Osiris and Dumuzi, were betrayed by someone who they thought was
close to them. They also ended up dying in a similar fashion; both their bodies were torn
into pieces. Regardless of these incidences, Osiris and Dumuzi differ when it comes to
the number of times they were brought back into the world of the living. Osiris only
returns to the world of the living once, whereas Dumuzi returns from the underworld
every six months. These two myths appear to be the most parallel out of all the variations
of dying gods and their myths.
In the myth of Osiris, “[he] was the first child of Nut and Geb, and therefore the
brother of Seth, Nephthys, and Isis.
He was married to his sister Isis and he also
inherited the title of „King of Egypt‟ because he was the first-born child of Nut and Geb.
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He was also known to be the king who civilized Egypt. After civilizing Egypt, Osiris
decided to leave to civilize other regions. His brother, Seth, was planning to take his
throne and his wife, Isis, in the duration he was away. When Osiris returned to his
kingdom “Seth and 72 conspirators murdered him. They then threw the coffin in which
he was murdered into the Nile, with his divine body still inside.
Through Osiris‟s myth, Seth demonstrated that he was not very fond of his
brother. In fact, he envied his brother and because of his jealousy he was driven into
murdering Osiris. Usually when the words „siblings‟ and „conflict‟ are pondered together,
people come to think of sibling rivalry, but the thoughts do not come close to murdering a
sibling. When Seth betrays Osiris, even though they might not have been close to begin
with, the title that they are siblings are existent and the betrayal is seen as a taboo. The
title itself creates a powerful image with invisible sibling rules that must not be broken,
but Seth crossed the line and betrayed his brother. It is frowned upon just as much as
Dumuzi‟s betrayal. When Dumuzi is compared to Osiris, it is shown that he was also
betrayed, but not by a sibling. In his case, his lover, Inanna, betrayed him.
In Dumuzi‟s myth it is known that Inanna, his wife and lover, went to the
underworld “in order to extend her power there.”
It is common knowledge that anyone
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ed=0CDoQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=dumuzi%20myth&f=false (accessed 28 Nov.
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