Lecture Notes.docx

7 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Classical Studies
Chris Wallace

Lecture 1: Introduction Methodology, History and Geography of Mesopotamia and Egypt Background • Mesopotamia: an ancient region in W Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivis in modern day Iraq • Ancient people called themselves Babylonians or Syrians depending on the region they lived in • Mesopotamian: Translates to "Land between two rivers"—the Tigris and the Euphrates. Myth: a traditional or legendary story, concerns some heroes or event with or without a determinable evidence- explains how and why the things are the way they way are. Different types: Plato, Biblical, British, Define: could be a religion you don't believe in Experts define myth: A myth can be any Origin stories, dreams, archetypes, sacred histories, -are stories told by people Where do we get these myths from? :Tablets, papryi (type of paper) but 99% people were illiterate so people usually did performance and oral tradition passed down from one generation to another - this means there is no clear evidence and sources - In ancient times: people did not ask why or how something happened by they ask who caused something to happened ex) why did the gods do this? No Canon: Egypt and Mesopotamia in terms of religion or mythology, my both were intertwines into other stories and texts. People wrote about what they knew and experienced. Ex) god created man out of mud or clay - Egypt (Map of Important Sites) • Myths and stories sometimes come from particular cities - were going to have to know where cities and places are in maps ex) rivers • It runs from the Mediterranean to 2nd cataract - its broken down into three sections (Lower, Middle, Upper) • Kmt: known as the fertile black nile - where they grew things • Dsrt: known as Red Lands - all the tombs and rivers Know: The flood plain - History: Modern people are living today are closer in time to Cleopatra than Cleopatra is to the great pyramids Egypt Time: Slide Mesopotamia: we have a lot more stories of battle, violence, because power and control wax and wane throughout history in contrast to Egypt Sites: Babylon and Babylonia, Thebes, Akkad, Assyria, city of Assur Geography: Most of the cities revolve around the rivers. People used boats to get around and planted crop nears them Mesopotamia - timeline (slide) Case Study: Myth and History in Mesopotamia (slide) - The Sumerian King List- describes hegemonic cities ( the people who ruled over years) known kings are to legitimize themselves - Short Myth Story: Story of Rhodopis (slide) aka Egyptian Cinderalla based on fact and fiction - Lecture 2: Mesopotamian Creation Myths and the Flood Myth EPIC of creation or Enuma Elis: "when above heaven was not yet name" or " below the earth was not pronounced by name" tablet 1 and then tablet 2 Takes place in Babylon - story of Marduk is a performance story and his animal is a dragon - purpose is for the king to renew his mandate of rule for the citizens to praise him (similar to Marduke) where the gods praise him. Important because (slide) - in the begining nothing existed except for male god Apsu and Tiamat. (sweet water and salt water) and they created Lahmu and Lahamy -> each god born is stronger than their forefathers. - kids get annoying and they decide to kill their kids -> younger gods found out and then they starting plotting - slide! Tablet 5- time system, sun, year is created, clouds, fogs, rain, Stars, months End: Marduk becomes the king of god and has 50 names. Tablet 6- creates mankind - > tells the gods and used Quingus blood - they build temples, city of babylon, 1 bricks Marduk defeated tiamat to become king Atrahsis: slide • a wise man who built an ark and saved mankind from destruction • It is a creation and a destruction story • The gods create the world -> destory the world very similar to (Gilgamesh and the Flood) - citizen of Shurupak (modern day iraq) - his name and epithets are found it many other stories ex) greek, islam, akkadian, palestine ex) Noah, Al Khidr - In the beginning- the gods did all the work on land ex) made canals, planting, betation Comparative story Genesis - creating the world much like marduke did - division of heaven and earth -> Biblical account stays very close to the Babylonian model 600 bc vs 2500 bc Lecture 3: Mesopo
More Less

Related notes for CLAA04H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.