Egyptian Themes

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Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLAA05H3
Professor
P Ferguson
Semester
Fall

Description
EGYPTIAN MYTHOLOGY Themes Ma’at (justice) through balance and harmony (dualism) - Conflict between opposing forces, esp. Horus and Seth - Plutarch’s Isis and Osiris, the Contendings of Horus and Seth The nature of human beings (the ka, ba, and akh) – the Pyramid Texts, Setna Khaemus and the Mummies - Ressurection – The Pyramid Texts, the Tale of the Two Brothers, Adventure of Setna and Si-Osire Description of the Egyptian Underworld - The River – the Pyramid Texts - Blood of evil people eaten by the gods, being quizzed by the gods and objects of the underworld – the Negative Confession - Psychostasis (weighing of the soul / heart) and results – the Negative Confession, Adventures of Setna and Si-Osire - Sinners tormented in 4 , 5 halls of Underworld (like Hades), Adventures of Setna and Si-Osire - Also a Mesopotamian theme but descriptions of the two underworlds are VERY different Succession – all the theogonies in Class 9; Book of the Heavenly Cow; Plutarch’s Isis and Osiris - Also a Mesopotamian theme but successions and related themes are not the same, e.g. there is no patricide / matricide in Egypt and the gods are more civilized and diplomatic Importance of piety – esp. in the Negative Confession: “I’m pure!” Seduction by women and its negative effects – Contendings of Horus and Seth (Seth conned by Isis), the Tale of the Two Brothers, Setna Khaemuas and the Mummies - Also a Mesopotamian theme but women generally regarded as good rather than bad Intense physical punishment, esp. for women – the Tale of the Two Brothers, the Blinding of Truth by Falsehood, King Cheops and the Magicians (2 tale) Love of family – Plutarch’s Isis and Osiris, the Tale of the Two Brothers, the Blinding of Truth by Falsehood, the Shipwrecked Sailor, Setna Khaemus and the Mummies Return to Egypt and resourcefulness of Egyptians abroad – the Shipwrecked Sailor Aetiologies 1. The Book of the Heavenly Cow – murderousness, Field of Offerings and Field of Rushes, customs relating to children, snakes and magic of Geb, Bas of the gods, symbols (ibis, moon, baboon) and power of Thoth 2. Thoth’s disk – Contendings of Horus and Seth 3. Thoth’s spells in the Scroll of Thoth, Book of Magic 4. Spells (mostly in preparation for the afterlife) – The Book of the Heavenly Cow, the Pyramid Texts, the Coffin Texts, the Negative Confession, Setna Khaemus and the Mummies 5. The four winds of the sky – the Coffin Texts 6. Cult mysteries – the Negative Confession (for Osiris) 7. 5 intercalary days outside the 360-day year named after five gods – Plutarch’s Isis and Osiris 8. Mummification – Plutarch’s Isis and Osiris 9. Lotus plants – Horus’ eyes 10.Foundings of the temples of Osiris – Plutarch’s Isis and Osiris Common Motifs 1. Protagonist’s penis s
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