12 Exam prep.docx

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Classical Studies
Katherine Blouin

CLAB06: Lecture 12 “Final Exam Preparation Session” - 10 map locations for the exam - Know: o Rhine o Danube o Nile o The black sea o Gauls o Asia minor o Judaea o Iberian peninsula (Spain) o Parthia o Rome o Alexandria o Constantinople - Which of the following emperors did not belong to the Antonine dynasty? o Hadrian o Commodus o Trajan o *Galba o Antoninus Pius - What was the main issue that conflicted the Roman Empire to the Parthian Empire? Control of: o Dacia o Mesopotamia o *Armenia o Arabia - What does the relief that stands on the Titus Triumphal Arch in Rome commemorate? o The looting of the temple of Jerusalem that happened at the end of war when the city was taken over by the Roman army; Vespasian was the emperor at the time (and his son Titus was the chief commander at the time) - Briefly explain the difference between the Principate and the Dominate o Principate was characterized by “first among equals” meaning that the emperor was the first among equals (was a “leading figure = princeps”)but in the Dominate the emperor is considered the “Master/Lord” thus there is an obvious hierarchy that showed the emperor above others rather than as equals; thus he is much more distant in comparison to everyone else o Dominate quasi-monarchical rule became more obvious at the end of the third century  There was even a diadem and emperor decked out in gems - Who were the members of the First Tetrarchy (specify who were the Augusti and who were the Caesars) and when was it formed? o Diocletian and his Caesar Galerius in the East o Maximian and his Caesar Constantius Chlorus in the West o 293 was the time that it was fully formed (but 285-293 is also acceptable) - Why were there so many different capitals by the time of the Tetrarchy? o These areas were selected because they were the more vulnerable parts of the empire so they established further so that they could be protected and prosper - *arrow question o Hadrian: Jewish uprising in Cyrenaica and Egypt o Septimius Severus: Soldiers can get married while in service o Diocletian: Provincial reorganization o Trajan: Dacian Wars o Theodosius: ban on all pagan cults in the Empire (395 AD) o Constantine: Milvian Bridge Battle o Caracalla: Grant of Roman citizenship to all free inhabitants of the Empire - When was Constantinople inaugurated? o 330 AD - Where is the Circus Maximus and what type of event was held there? o Located in Rome and was location of chariot racing - *know about gladiatorial games and chariot races - Identify the 2 main external threats to the Empire’s territory? o The Germanic tribes and the Parthians (Sassanids) - True/False o Menorah was a Christian symbol?  F: was a Jewish symbol o During Late Antiquity, villages saw their populations drop sharply  F: most people from cities went to villages so REALLY it seems that cities became smaller and villages were larger. Why? As a result of the economic crisis, people went back to agriculture and also there were a lot of invasions so cities were the primary targets rather than small towns o Egypt was one of Rome’s main grain suppliers  T: Egypt AND North Africa to be specific o Gladiatorial games originate from Greece  F: not known for sure where they originate from but some historians agree that it is the Etruscans; chariot racing was originated from Greece o Trajan was the first ‘provincial’ emperor  T: Trajan was from Spain o The imperial cult was a result of imperial initiatives  F: three possible origins, indi
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