Terms FINAL.docx

5 Pages
115 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLAC22H3
Professor
Douglas Petrovich
Semester
Fall

Description
1) Tripartite temple(s) at Eridu • TRIPARTITE TEMPLES : The main hall or central room of a palace or house, especially of Myc. Greece, having a pillared porch and a more or less central hearth (used for poetry, feats, worship, sacrifice, royal functions) • 18 successive temples in the early Eridu period • NE with free standing podium, with ashes and fish bones • SW an alter, with 2 recessed niches on side of wall o Niches reserved for cultic idols of living gods 2) Megaron at Mycenae • MEGARON TEMPLES :The main hall or central room of a palace or house, especially of Mycenaean Greece, having a pillared porch and a more or less central hearth • Located on Greek Peloponnese (large island), atop a small hill • Mycenaean culture technically didn’t have temples, so megaron served purpose of hosting religious activities as one of its many functions. 3) hearth • A brick/stone-lined floor for a fireplace • Found only in Megarons, not Tripartites (a Greek feature) • Used for worship, sacrifice, and worship 4) Celtic human sacrifice • The Celtic “barbarians” were connected with priestly class known as Druids, who always officiated over sacrificial rites • Dispatched victims and observed the dying struggle for divining purposes o Would also cut throats of victims, collected remains, and examined blood that was caught in the cauldrons. • Infant sacrifice found, including cases of corpses weighed down with stones (to prevents spirits from rising) and heads in storage pits (to bless corn) o Also heads found on poles of fort gates 5) Ur-Zababa • Ur-Zababa, king of Kish, died in a pool of blood o Supposedly had previously woken up from dream and appointed Sargon as his cup bearer • Ur-Zababa’s reaction: repeatedly tried to kill Sargon for implying that the goddess of war was against Ur-Zababa to such a great extent that she would kill him in order to remove him from the throne. o Sargon used religious ideology to illegitimate the kings rule • Sargon’s credited goddess of war with protecting his life from Ur-Zababa’s wrath 6) Dagon • Mesopotamian deity • Sargon the great connected his military success to him and established his dependence on him for battles • Credited with bequeathing him with his northern territories. 7) Antiochus Epiphanes • “God Manifest”: a Greek king of the Seleucid Empire • Parallel to Naram Sin’s self-deification, and the first to use divine epithets (on coins) • Grown powerful, even Rome didn’t invade his empire (documented in books, stating “Then the king [Antiochus IV] will do as he pleases, and he will exalt and magnify himself above every god and will speak monstrous things against the God of gods.” o Titled self: “King Antiochus: God Manifest: God Manifest. Victory Tribute” o Declared himself “god manifest” on coins, declaring himself a deity  showing the ultimate show of arrogance as did Naram Sin, which was claiming divine status 8) Ark of the Covenant • In the first Israel temple in Jerusalem (referred as solomonic temple; Solomon made it) • Within the “inner sanctuary” or “the holy of holies” • One of the most important item in the “holy of holies” o Said to be where Yahweh had dwelled, even for centuries before temple was built o At time of temples dedication, Yahweh’s inhabitation of the temple was described as Yahweh’s glory having filled the house o Two stone tablets of the 10 commandments placed in the ark  Also had manna to feed Israelites after exile from Egypt & staff of Aaron 9) Western Karnak Stele • A pink granite royal stele of Amenhotep II • Decreed to destroy idols of Amun-Re “by his majesty, the officials of the royal court” • Date lost, though it begs question as to what caused dramatic religious crisis that led to such an extreme action as the one required by this edict o Whether connected to Egypt’s military upheaval and foreign policy reversal/abandonment of its vital base in Avaris. 10) Ur-Nammu • Founded the Sumerian 3 dynast of Ur (s. Meso.), king of Sumer and Akkad (inherited empire of Akkadians) • Remembered for his legal code: the code of Ur-Nammu (oldest known surviving example in the world) o Conditional statements (if a man…) o Ruled by principles of equity & truth, with the implication being that these admirable qualities were guiding beacons for the rulers of Ur III 11) Hammurabi • First king of Babylon empire, extending Babylon’s control over Mesopotamia by winning wars against neighbors • Known for set of laws called Hammurabi’s Code o One of 1 written codes of law in recorded history, inscribed on stele o Established the “eye for an eye” principle 12) lex talionis • Principle developed in Babylonian law, in Hammurabi’s Code • “eye for an eye” principle: principle of exact reciprocity. 13) Pietas • Roman term: Denotes attention to maintaining a proper relationship with one’s parents, relatives, ancestors, gods, friends, institutions, & citizens • Morality and ethical behavior were a function of pietas (family and civic duty), and not a function of religion • Involved giving each person, each god, &each institution his or her due o Therefore translated as “sense of duty” or “simply duty” 14) omen
More Less

Related notes for CLAC22H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit