MGEC81 Final Exam Review (notes made from textbook and lecture slides)

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Economics for Management Studies

Chapter 6 Population GrowthEconomic DevelopmentSix major issues with population growth1Will developing countries be able to improve levels of living given anticipated population growth2How will developing countries deal with the vast increases in their labour forces3How will higher population growth rates affect poverty4Will developing countries be able to extend the coverage and improve the quality of health care and education in the face of rapid population growth 5Is there a relationship between poverty and family size6How does affluence in the developed world affect the ability of developing countries to provide for their people The worlds population is very unevenly distributed byGeographic regionFertility and mortality levelsAge structures Geographic RegionFertility and Mortality TrendsRate of population growthannual percentage net relative increase or decrease in population size due to natural increase and net international migration Natural increasethe difference between the birth rate and the death rate of a given population Birth ratethe number of children born alive each year per 1000 population Death ratethe number of deaths each year per 1000 population Birth and death rates are higher in developing countries than in developed ones oAverage rate of population growth is about 14 per year in developing countries compared to 01 in developed Differences in death rates is less than the differences in birth rates due to improved health conditionsoModern vaccination campaigns proliferation of public health facilities clean water supplies improved nutrition public education Age StructureYouth dependency ratiothe proportion of young people under age 15 to the working population aged 16 to 64 in a country High dependency ratio for some developing countriesHidden Momentum of Population Growth oPopulation continues to increase even after a fall in birth rates because the large existing youthful population expands the populations base of potential parents oPopulation growth has a builtin tendency to keep going for some time before coming to a stop after the brakes are appliedoHigh birth rates cannot be altered overnight Social economic institutional forces that influence fertility Most future population growth will take place in the developing world
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