EESA01H3 Final: EESA01 FINAL REVIEW

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Published on 20 Sep 2017
School
Course
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FINAL REVIEW
Chapter 1
Biocapacity: capacity of a system to be biologically productive
and to absorb waste (especially CO2)
we would need 1.4 worlds to sustain all people: 4 planets if
everyone Canadian
Scientific Method: Observations à question à hypothesis
àpredictions à test à results
Chapter 2
• Carbohydrates
Glucose(C6H12O6) most common + important carb
Phospholipids are primary component of animal cell
membranes
Hydrophobic side: water repellent side
Hydrophillic side: water attracting side
Types of Energy: LETS
•Light
• Electric
• Thermal
• Sound
3 Major Natural Power Sources
• Sun
Gravitational Pull from Moon and Sun
• Geothermal
• Photosynthesis
Light energy + 6CO2 (carbon dioxide) + 12H2O (water) C6H12O6
(sugar) + 6O2 (oxygen) + 6H2O (water); simplified version: Light energy +
6CO2 (carbon dioxide) + 6H2O (water) C6H12O6 (sugar) + 6O2 (oxygen)
Aerobic Cellular Respiration
C
6H12O6 (sugar) + 6O2 (oxygen) 6CO2 (carbon dioxide) + 6H2O (water)
+ energy (to perform cellular work)
• Phytoremediation:! uses plants to detoxify soils
Energy gained per glucose molecule in respiration is only 2/3
of energy input per glucose molecule in photosynthesis
Earliest photoautotroph was cyanobacteria
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• Chemosynthesis: deep-sea bacteria turn carbon dioxide,
water, and hydrogen sulfide into glucose and other energy
15 major tectonic plates
Most powerful earthquakes: Tohoku earthquake
Try 24 and 27 equation questions"
Chapter 12: Water Resources
Floodplain(areas near water body that temporarily flood)
Soil very fertile bc of deposition of silt
Riparian forests(riverside forests) very productive and
rich in species
Turbidity: how cloudy water is in lake
Limnetic Zone: sunlight reaches bottom and allows for
photosynthesis of phytoplankton which is prey of
zooplankton which is then eaten by fish
Profundal Zone: sunlight doesn’t reach bottom
Oligo: low nutrient high oxygen
Eutrophic: high nutrient low oxygen
Hypolimnion: layer of water that is cold and stable, bottom
Turnover: at 50* cold water at top starts to sink and gets
water moving
Fully mixes when storms come
Confined Aquifer(artesian): great pressure between upper
and lower layers of impermeable substance(clay)
Unconfined Aquifer: not much pressure since no
impermeable substance trapping it
Readily recharged by surface water
Groundwater is about 1400 years old
Oak Ridges Moraine:
water supply to GTA
Ogallala Aquifer:
worlds largest aquifer
Water table separates zone of aeration and saturation
Water table falls when agriculture irrigates water
Desalinization:
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best way to remove salt from seawater, turning it into
groundwater
Wetlands:
zone of saturation reaches the surface
Ramsar Convention: international agreement to save
wetlands
Sinkholes
result from overconsumption of water from aquifers and
the land above gives up
• Eutrophication
enhanced by phosphorus
"blue baby"
syndrome causing babies to choke when too much
NITRATES are in water
Water pollution
decreased in last 30 years!
Septic System
Rural method of handling sewage
Fresh water in Canada
Used for crop irrigation
!"
Chapter 13: Atmosphere
•Trade Winds: blow from east to west(just north and south of
equator)
• Doldrums: where trade winds meet and deflect - very
little wind
Intertropical Convergence Zone(ITCZ): where winds
from north and south come together
Cloudy
• Westerlies: winds coming from west and blowing east
Tilt of earth results in seasons
Most important atmosphere characteristics
• Pressure
• Temperature
Humidity
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Document Summary

Predictions test results: chapter 2, carbohydrates, glucose(c6h12o6) most common + important carb. Phospholipids are primary component of animal cell membranes: hydrophobic side: water repellent side, hydrophillic side: water attracting side. Sun: gravitational pull from moon and sun, geothermal. Light energy + 6co2 (carbon dioxide) + 12h2o (water) c6h12o6 (sugar) + 6o2 (oxygen) + 6h2o (water); simplified version: light energy + 6co2 (carbon dioxide) + 6h2o (water) c6h12o6 (sugar) + 6o2 (oxygen) C6h12o6 (sugar) + 6o2 (oxygen) 6co2 (carbon dioxide) + 6h2o (water) Energy gained per glucose molecule in respiration is only 2/3 of energy input per glucose molecule in photosynthesis. Earliest photoautotroph was cyanobacteria: chemosynthesis: deep-sea bacteria turn carbon dioxide, water, and hydrogen sul de into glucose and other energy. 15 major tectonic plates: most powerful earthquakes: tohoku earthquake. Soil very fertile bc of deposition of silt: riparian forests(riverside forests) very productive and rich in species.

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