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EESA10H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Donora, Pennsylvania, Microwave Oven, Hatmaking


Department
Environmental Science
Course Code
EESA10H3
Professor
Silvija Stefanovic
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 11 pages of the document.
their water
solubilitv.
A. True
B. tralse
4. Ozone
layer is in the:
'Az Stratosphere
B. Troposphere
c' The
closest
atmosphere
rayer
to
Earth's
surf-ace
D. A and
C"
E. None
of the
above
"tttL' ur ufgantc substances in fat and increases
vears of age,
is frequentlY a
23.Diarrhea,oneofthe,,,oJ:lCauscsofdeatlramongchildrenunder5
result
of poor
J;i;tit" u"h tht lack of '
^'";. F.?,onut
cleansing
Products
B. Health
care
C.
Food
suPPIY
D. Safe
drinking
water
E. All of the above ,
24.Whatisnottrueforthestochastichealtheffects?|.\;.1-;.
1 .i.
ux;ru;i"JFTJ
;:"#iill'q
*"1::,'1ar'ever
' C. lncrtu" l"utts of "*po'u'i;"k" these
effects
more
severe
',''D.
Have
teratogenic
effect
E. None
of the above
44. chemicals that unintentionarly interfere with
as in the animals and humans
are known
A. Hormone
function;
endocrine
disruptors
B. Hormone
function;
body
burdens
C. Enzyme
function;
endocrine
disruptors
D. Reproductive
organ
dysfunction;
endocrine
disruptors
E. Reproductive
organ
dysfunction;
body
burdens
45' Chemical
body burdens
are quantity of chemicals
accumulated
in the body.
13. True
B. False
66. Which of the fotlowing is non-hazardous
form of mercury?
A. Mercuric
mercury
B. Volatilized
metallic
mercury
C. Mercurous
mercury
D. Organic
methYl
mercury
8,. All of the above
are
hazatdous
67. Generally
speaking,
concentration
of heavy
metars
in plants grown on contaminated
soil
is the
highest
in rvhich
Plant Part:
,
A.r
Roots
B. Leafs
C.
Grain
D. Stem
E. Branches
D. Automobile;
London,
England;
f,'. Coal;
Donora,
Pennsylvania.
77.
Sources
of contaminants
that cannot be
defined
by discrete
pipes
or other devices
are called
-
Organic
sources
Point
sources

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

78' Seven
people
died and 2,300
became
ill after Walkerton's water supply became
contaminated
with:
A. DDT
B.
Dioxins
C. Giardia
lamblia
D.
Manure
spread
on
a farm
near
the
town
E. Salmonella
sp.
79.
Dioxin is
endocrine
disruptor while DDT is chemicat
body burden.
A. True
B.
False
80' Radon
is human made gas
that emits
alpha particles
into the surface
water such
as rivers and
lakes.
A. True
B. False
56.
The least
toxic class
(es)
of metals
is (are):
A. Class
A
B. Class
B
C. Borderline
D. BandC
E. AandB
57' Every microwave
oven
must have
a label
stating
that it meets
the safety
standard.
A. True
B.
False
33.
How is the phrase
"mad as a hatter" related to mercury exposure?
A. Mercury
harms
the
peripheral
nervous
system
so
a hatter's
hands
were
effected
B. Mercury
harurs
tlie ucrrtlal
rteivous
system.
It was used
to soften
the
felt in hats.
C. The
phrase
"mad
as a hatter"
is related to arsenic
not
to mercury
D. The
phrase
"mad
as a hatter"
is related to chromium
not
to mercury
E. AandB
34.
Major source
of sulphur oxides
in the atmosphere
is:
A. Agriculture
on
organic
soils,
like
drained
wetlands
l.E.
The burning
of fossil
fucls,
lilic coal
and oil
C.
Emissions
from
volcanoes
like
Mount
Pinatubo
D. The
burning
of Tropical
Rainforests
E. An increased
frequency
of forest
fires
in Southern
France
13.
Ozone
is formed by the reaction
of:
A. UV radiation
and smog
B. UV radiation
and
COz
C. UV radiation
and
02
D.; VOC and
NOx
E:. Acid rain
and
02
14.
Major source
of contamination to humans
by Dioxins is:
A., Air
, B. Food
C. Water
D. Soil
E. All of the
above

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

73.
The picture below
shows
how the level
of DDT increased
in the tissues
of various organisms
as
DDT moved
through the food chain from producers to consumers.
This is an example
of:
A*{OI.JNT
OF
DOT
IN TI55UE
1,510,o00
tirnr*
lncreage
LfVfL IN
FOOD
CHAIN
S,ecanclary
conSumef
(Atlanti.c need,lefi
I h
i
Secondary
con5:umer
iAmerican
eeli
Frim*ry
cc)n3
Umg r
{shrimpl
Proclucr:r
primary
congumer
laiqae
and other planktoni
Wster
$.f,8
pprt
0.l6 pprn
0.04
ppm
0.OOO05
pprtr
$, Biomagnification
B. Bioaccumulation
C.
Persistence
D. Mobility of persistent
toxicants
E. All of the
above
?4. Arsenic
has
tendency
to accumulate
in nails, skin and hair.
e True
B. False
T5.Incontrast to sulphur dioxide
) ozone
and oxides
of nitrogen,
known as are
produced
not so
much by heavy
industry as
by the action
of on the waste
products
of the
A, Photochemical
oxidants;
sunlight;
external
combustion; \ \,.
B. Volatile organic
compounds
(VOCs); sunlight;
internal
combustion;
/. Vnonchemical
oxidants;
sunlight;
internal
combustion;
"
D. V olutile
organic compounds
(VOCs); sunlight;
external
combustion;
/. Yttotochemical
oxidants;
Iightening;
internal
combustiol.
76. Recognition of the relationship between
nonworkplace air pollution and respiratory disease
dates
back to the first use
of
nations
of Europe and North America, whole
communities
were
engulfed
in air pollution. The
worst episode
occurred in
.4.
Automobile;
Belgium;
B.
Oit;
Donora,
Pennsl'lvenie;
C.
Coal;
London,
England;
D. Automobile;
London,
England;
,8. Coal;
Donora,
PennsYlvania.
77. Sources
of contaminants
that cannot
be
defined
by discrete
pipes
or other devices
are called
,4.
Organic
sources
B. Point
sources
C. Inorganic
sources
h l\T^- -ninf crrrrfatPa
i.,'-,'
*Hr,
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