ENGA10H3- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 54 pages long!)

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ENGA10H3
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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ENGA10 Midterm- Books: The Picture of Dorian Gray, Heart of
Darkness, & Dubliners (from SPARKNOTES)
The Picture of Dorian Gray
full title · The Picture of Dorian Gray
author · Oscar Wilde
type of work · Novel
genre · Gothic; philosophical; comedy of manners
language · English
time and place written · 1890, London
date of first publication · The first edition of the novel was published in
1890 in Lippincott’s Monthly Magazine. A second edition, complete with six
additional chapters, was published the following year.
publisher · The 1891 edition was published by Ward, Lock & Company.
narrator · The narrator is anonymous.
point of view · The point of view is third person, omniscient. The narrator
chronicles both the objective or external world and the subjective or internal
thoughts and feelings of the characters. There is one short paragraph where a
first-person point of view becomes apparent; in this section, Wilde becomes
the narrator.
tone · Gothic (dark, supernatural); sardonic; comedic
tense · Past
setting (time) · 1890s
setting (place) · London, England
protagonist · Dorian Gray
major conflict · Dorian Gray, having promised his soul in order to live a life
of perpetual youth, must try to reconcile himself to the bodily decay and
dissipation that are recorded in his portrait.
rising action · Dorian notices the change in his portrait after ending his affair
with Sibyl Vane; he commits himself wholly to the “yellow book” and indulges
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his fancy without regard for his reputation; the discrepancy between his outer
purity and his inner depravity surges.
climax · Dorian kills Basil Hallward.
falling action · Dorian descends into London’s opium dens; he attempts to
express remorse to Lord Henry; he stabs his portrait, thereby killing himself.
themes · The purpose of art; the supremacy of youth and beauty; the surface
nature of society; the negative consequences of influence
motifs · The color white; the picture of Dorian Gray; homoerotic male
relationships
symbols · The opium den; James Vane; the yellow book
foreshadowing · The illegitimacy of Sibyl and James, as well as Sibyl’s
portrayal of Juliet from Shakespeare’s tragedy Romeo and Juliet, foreshadow
the doomed nature of Sibyl’s relationship with Dorian Gray.
Plot Overview
In the stately London home of his aunt, Lady Brandon, the well-known
artist Basil Hallward meets Dorian Gray. Dorian is a cultured, wealthy, and
impossibly beautiful young man who immediately captures Basil’s artistic
imagination. Dorian sits for several portraits, and Basil often depicts him as an
ancient Greek hero or a mythological figure. When the novel opens, the artist
is completing his first portrait of Dorian as he truly is, but, as he admits to his
friend Lord Henry Wotton, the painting disappoints him because it reveals too
much of his feeling for his subject. Lord Henry, a famous wit who enjoys
scandalizing his friends by celebrating youth, beauty, and the selfish pursuit of
pleasure, disagrees, claiming that the portrait is Basil’s masterpiece. Dorian
arrives at the studio, and Basil reluctantly introduces him to Lord Henry, who
he fears will have a damaging influence on the impressionable, young Dorian.
Basil’s fears are well founded; before the end of their first conversation, Lord
Henry upsets Dorian with a speech about the transient nature of beauty and
youth. Worried that these, his most impressive characteristics, are fading day
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Document Summary

Enga10 midterm- books: the picture of dorian gray, heart of. The narrator chronicles both the objective or external world and the subjective or internal thoughts and feelings of the characters. In the stately london home of his aunt, lady brandon, the well-known artist basil hallward meets dorian gray. Dorian is a cultured, wealthy, and impossibly beautiful young man who immediately captures basil"s artistic imagination. Dorian sits for several portraits, and basil often depicts him as an ancient greek hero or a mythological figure. Lord henry, a famous wit who enjoys scandalizing his friends by celebrating youth, beauty, and the selfish pursuit of pleasure, disagrees, claiming that the portrait is basil"s masterpiece. Dorian arrives at the studio, and basil reluctantly introduces him to lord henry, who he fears will have a damaging influence on the impressionable, young dorian. Basil"s fears are well founded; before the end of their first conversation, lord.

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