ENGB35H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Some Thoughts Concerning Education, Wayne C. Booth, Tabula Rasa

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17 Dec 2010
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John Newbery, A Little Pretty Pocket-Book (1744)
-&]]]ZZ]ov[o]µ
-no such thing as medieval childhood
-Z]ov^]}À_]vZíóZ
- childhood and children are concepts t meanings shift over time and across cultures
- history
-culture
-class
-gender
-}Z]ov[o]µZ]ovM
-:µo]vZ}WZ]ov[o]µ}o}v]ÌZ]ov
-Wayne Booth, Rhetoric of Fiction
-author t implied author t narrator t narrate t implied reader t reader
The Puritans
-children need to be saved
-^ÆÇ}vÀv}uo]oZ]ovUÇZoov}v]v}Zl]vP}u}(ZÀv_
(Matthew 18:3)
-If anyone were offered the choice of suffering death or becoming a child again, who would not recoil
from the second alternative and choose to die? Our infancy, indeed, by which we begin this life not with
oµPZµÁ]Zuµvlv}Á]vPoÇ}}ZÇZÀ]oµ}vÁZ]ZÁv]vP_~^X
Augustine, City of God)
The Enlightenment
-John Locke, Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693)
-Child is tabula rase (=blank slate)
-^ÁZvXXXZP]v}o}U}uÇov}}lµ]}Z]]ÇUZ}µoµ
into his Hands, wherein the entertainment, that he finds, might draw him on, and reward his Pains in
Readng, and yet not such as should fill his Head with perfectly useless trumpery, or lay the principles of
s]vv&}ooÇXd}Z]µ}U/Z]vl}[&oZUÁZ]Z]vP^}]}o]PZv
entertain a Child, yet may afford useful Reflections to a grown Man. What other Books there are in
English of the kind of those above-mentioned, fit to engage the liking of Children, and tempt them to
U/}v}lv}ÁX^
-Carefully chose what to give a child; blank slate t what he reads he will become/remember
Romanticism
-Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile (1762)
-child innately pure and innocent
-^Dv]}v(UvZ]ÀÇÁZ]vZ]v_~dZ^}]o}v
-Children/nature/freedom vs Society/civilization
-ICR [implied child reader] t innocent, spiritual
Key tropes deriving from Romanticism:
-innate wisdom of innocent child
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