- 60 when he wrote robinson crusoe
- Made a lot of money and went bankrupt a lot of time
- Reflected in his writings
- Realism vs romance
- Truth status
o 18th century Æ British city is undergoing changes. The kings power is being to be curtailed,
parliament has more of a say, econom]}Á]Z](]vP(}uZ]}[to middle
classes. Rise of Catholicism is based on colonial power over }Z}o[}µX^Z](
in power require an entire new concept of a person as an individual
- Based on Alexander Selkirk, marooned in the South Seas for 4 years and 4 months before he was
picked up by a passing ship and was returned to England
o Went crazy...
- Adventure is a modern form of romance
- Oxford English Dictionary
- OED: 1. A. That which comes to us, or happens without design; chance, hap, fortune, luck. Obs.
B. per adventure, by adventure, of adventure, (fr. Par aventure): by chance. The two latter
are obs., the first now treated as a single word, with sense perchance, perhaps. See
2. A chance occurrence, an event or issue, an accident. Also in Law. Obs.
3. Chance of danger or loss; risk, jeopardy, to imperil, to risk, to stake. Still in Mar. Insur.
4. Hazardous activity (ie risky)
5. Any novel or unexpected event in which one shares; an exciting or remarkable incident
befalling any one
- Adventure - test heroes in particular ways
o ^dZ}uv]v}(ooo]Ç(}u}ZÁ]Z-fulfilment dream....In every age
the ruling social or intellectual class tends to project its ideals in some form of romance,
where the virtuous heroes and beautiful heroines represent the ideals and the villains the
Z}Z]vvÇ_~E}Z}&ÇUAnatomy of Criticism)
- What will the children reader take from robinson crusoe, what type of child will he grow up to be,
what are these values?
o ^dZ]Æ]Á}l}}µoZ}binson Crusoe. It is read eagerly by young
people. And there is hardly an elf so devoid of imagination as not to have supposed for
himself a solitary island ....
- ^E}Á]Pv}}vµZÁ}uv]}v}ÀUCall on me and I will deliver you, in a
different sense from what I had ever done before; for then i had no notion of anything being called
deliverance, but my being deliver from the captivity i was in; for through i was indeed at large in
the place, yet the island w]voÇXXX_
- Key: to religious Æ being rescued from his sinful state and not the island
miserable circumstances, than the wicked, cursed, abominable l](/oooZ}(uÇÇ_
^v}Á]Pv}}voµ]vuÇu]vZ]Á}]o(}u}happier in this forsaken,
o Fortunate fall
o Providence: God ordered the world at creation, and then withdrew
o Husk of c}vv}u]oVZ}uu}v[=}À]v
o Science: Lockean empiricism
o Religious working through this book is through god working through providence
God laid down/ established what would happen when he created the world, and
then he withdraw from the day }ZÇÁ}l]vP}(Z}ovÇ
Presence and absence of god in the world
Allows Crusoe to find meaning in his experiences and adventures
Providence counters the idea of chance Æ god has ordained it.
- Narrative structure
o Moral voice that is built in there
o Structured in two tense: young Robinson Crusoe ÁZ}}v[lv}ÁZ](µµXWv
Retrospective narrative: know what is going to happen and interprets it.
Understand the world in a different world. Through the lens of spiritual rebirth
Gaps in the narrative between the present tense and the retrospective narrator
who is trying to synthesize everything to a moral and protestant world view
June 29: when Crusoe has his conversion; happens 9 months after Robinson
Crusoe has washed up on this island
- Retrospective narration
- Crusoe the character/actor; Crusoe the narrator
- Auto-bio-graphy = self-life-writing
- Empirical; Analytical
- Spiritual and financial profit
3a. The economic narrative
-Adventure: A pecuniary risk, a venture, a speculation, a commercial enterprise
- ^dZ]¬ðì/Zuµ}PZÇZ]v}(some of my relations whom I corresponded
with, and who, I believe, got my father, or at least my mother, to contribute so much as that to my
3b. A parable of middle-class individualism
- What does Crusoe do on the island?
o Fortification building of a gate, terrified that he is going to be set upon, anxiety of his
o 1st thing he does when he lands is to fortify himself
o Footprint, the fences gets build fast
o Fencing is relatable to women? Fencing himself against himself?
o Boundaries are truly secure
o Crusoe enacts a miniature stages of western civilization
o Need of simple things
o Proceeds from hunting and gatheringÆ grow barley and corn (pastural farmingÆ
domesticating goats Æ harvesting crops and storing it.
o Wants progress...doer
-Industry, ingenuity, patience
-middle class virtues, work really hard in order to better and improve yourself
(though mixed with my other afflicting thoughts) to think that this was all my own, that I was king
and lord of all this county indefeasibly, and had a right of possession; and if could convey it, I might
o Unable to own this property in England
o Prided himself in his middle class virtue
o Here he is talking as if this island would make him a king or a lord
o Idea of the kind of power that ownership would own him
o When people do turn up he gets a kick out of the fact that he is the king there
o Sense of entitlement
o What gives him the right of possession?
- God gave [the world] to the use of the industrious and rational (and labour was to be his title to it),
of this, who are rich in Land, and poor in all the Comforts of Life; whom Nature having furnished as
Made a lot of money and went bankrupt a lot of time. Autobiography: 18th century british city is undergoing changes. The kings power is being to be curtailed, parliament has more of a say, econom. Rise of catholicism is based on colonial power over yyzz. z: in power require an entire new concept of a person as an individual. Based on alexander selkirk, marooned in the south seas for 4 years and 4 months before he was picked up by a passing ship and was returned to england: went crazy Adventure is a modern form of romance. That which comes to us, or happens without design; chance, hap, fortune, luck. Obs: per adventure, by adventure, of adventure, (fr. The two latter are obs. , the first now treated as a single word, with sense perchance, perhaps. Peradventure: a chance occurrence, an event or issue, an accident.