The Golden Compass
-First published as Northern Lights (1995)
-Shifts the focus of the end of the first novel
-Sublime vision of a gateway to a new world to the alethiometer
-Difference between children and adult literature
-Book prizes for children fiction and adult fiction
-If children liked a book it must be childish and thus inappropriate for adults to read Æ changed this
-He was writing for intelligent readers for any age
-Double address t Cf. alethiometer
-Lyra is able to read it
-Adults have to read lots of book to understand what it is saying
-Child is doing so instinctively
-Epic fantasy t Defamiliarization; cultural relativism
-Up to Lyra to save the entire universe
-It is not PÁÇ(vÇÁlv]PZ]v}oÇ[Á}oX
-Gradually explains to us, that this is a self-contained fantasy world
-Dark materials therefore science fantasy
-It reads realistically its meaning is realistic
-Pathos: crucial struggle, usually some kind of battle in which either the hero or his foe, or both, must
-Sparagmos: the hero dies or appears to die t and is then resurrected
-Recognition in this book. Long lost child finds the parent at the end of the book
-vvÇ,o}vZ}o]^Z}}o}W^v]-God, anti-Catholic and anti-o]P]}v_
-Power of the fantasy story
-Pullman dislikes C.S. Lewis and he would agree on the power of fantasy in this respect
possible to explain how the universe came about without bringinP'}]v}]Uµ/}v[lv}Á
everything, and there may well be a God somewhere, hiding away.
(Pullman; see http://www.philip-pullman.com/ for more).
Monolithic, repressive church, no salvation, no Christ (ct. Lewis: Christ [Aslan], but no church)
-Connects between text
-How text relates to one another
parodies 19th centuries poems
-/vÆ]voµD]o}v[Paradise LoseUZ}}l}('v]~Z]oUol[Songs of Innocence
and Experience, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe
-The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe as intertext; similar ties and revisions?
-Association with witches in the winter (Northern) creatures
-Personification of animals: the way animals get to speak Æ substituting for Aslan
-Not all animals are good, because there is trouble in the animal world as world.
-When animals want to become human
-Bears are bears and humans are humans. Bears should not try to be humans
-White witch in the golden compass? Ice place is split between the ice palace and the ms. Coulters.
Implications in the way the white witch comes back to life in the golden compass in the form of ms.
-There are these temptress that tempt children that lead them to their doom
-3rd narrator. Golden Compass: Plays almost a trick on the reader, more objective, and not that
comforting (e.g. the kidnapping of children, we know what is going to happen to Lyra). IN LWW: on the
readers side, comforting.
-LWW: You either good or bad, for or against Aslan.
-GC: For lyra or against Lyra
-It is not at all easy to tell who is for Lyra and who is not for Lyra. That difficulty becomes part of the plot
as the novel comes into the end.
-}µX^X>Á][ The Last Battle
-Through the fantasy ideas of dust, daemons, intercision
Dust, Daemons, Intercision & Childhood Innocence
-Most defining aspect of you, Pullman uses that idea
-Opening using the word in the religious context. That they are fundamentally a part of you. (Daimon)
Shifts the focus of the end of the first novel. Sublime vision of a gateway to a new world to the alethiometer. Book prizes for children fiction and adult fiction. If children liked a book it must be childish and thus inappropriate for adults to read changed this concept. He was writing for intelligent readers for any age. Adults have to read lots of book to understand what it is saying. Up to lyra to save the entire universe. It is not 2 l z lz 2 l z:. Gradually explains to us, that this is a self-contained fantasy world. Pathos: crucial struggle, usually some kind of battle in which either the hero or his foe, or both, must die. Sparagmos: the hero dies or appears to die j and is then resurrected. Long lost child finds the parent at the end of the book. Lewis and he would agree on the power of fantasy in this respect.