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EXAM NOTES.docx

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Department
English
Course
ENGC44H3
Professor
Ted Petit
Semester
Fall

Description
HUMA01 – Exam TERMS - Epistemology: branch of philosophy concerning nature, source, limits, scope & validity of knowledge : asks questions such as “How do we know what we know?” - Knowledge: expertise & skills acquired by a person through experience/education : What is known in particular field or overall, in facts & info : made in 2 broad-based ways  Empirical vs. Speculative Analytic/Critical  Plato’s definition: justified true belief - University: a repository of knowledge (libraries, textbooks, professors’ heads) : Place where new knowledge is created through research, peer review, publication, conversation Critical thinking: intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing : based on universal intellectual values that exceed subject matter divisions Empirical thinking: practical and based on experience (experimental, observational) Speculative thinking: theoretical (abstract, analytical, conceptive) - Humanities Importance 1. Critical thinking 2. Greater understanding of the world (diversity & interaction) 3. Training of imagination - Representation 1. social process of making meaning by making sings stand for something = POWER  through text, image and sound 2. to take or fill the place of  stand in for something with honour and for awareness 3. to symbolize, always frame reality in very specific ways 4. to act as a symbolic sign or substitute for a person/thing  power and control 5. To bring clearly & distinctly before mind/imagination 6. To portray in an artistic medium or by artistic means to depict/vote 7. *convey ideas therefore = IDEOLOGICAL - Ideology  Set of ideas giving account of social world (partial/selective)  Relationship of ideas/values in which power is distributed socially  The way that values are posed as “natural/obvious” and “common sense”  Set of beliefs involving customs, habits, and practices given to a culture and some can be hegemonic  Causes revolutions and allows discrimination - Hegemony  Refers to one nation’s rule or dominance over another and process of consensus information  Cultural hegemony  the maintaining position of dominance in a culture  Hegemonic ideological systems  not changeable -Image  An artificial imitation/representation of something  The aspect, appearance/form of someone/something  Visual representation/counterpart of an object or scene  Mental representation of something created not by directed perception  To form a mental image of (imagining) - Text  Writing seen as intrusion into life world  Plato: writing is inhuman, unresponsive, and destroys memory - Sound  Evanescent  Keeps close to human life world (personaliz
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