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Final

HUMA01 Final Exam Study Notes.docx

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Department
English
Course
ENGC44H3
Professor
Michael Petit
Semester
Fall

Description
HUMA01 Final Exam Study Guide Key ideas Epistemologythe branch of philosophy concerned with the nature source limits scope and validity of knowledgeo Studies in epistemology are especially interested in developing criteria for evaluating claims people make that they know somethingo In particular it considers questions such as What is knowledge How do we know what we know What is the difference between knowledge and opinion or belief If you know something does that mean that you are certain about it Is knowledge really possible Knowledge information processed through a thinking human mind KnowledgeInformation o 1 expertise and skills acquired by a person through experience or education the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject o 2 what is known in a particular field or in total facts and informationo 3 Awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation Plato defined knowledge as justified true beliefKnowledge is produced by humansKnowledge is made in two broadbased ways Empirical vs Speculative AnalyticCritical Human knowledge divided into two major categories The Empirical Sciences and The Humanities Purpose of the University o TeachingScholarshipTeachersScholars these are in a dynamic relationship each support the otherBy engaging in research professors make new knowledge that feeds into their teaching and often the teaching can further their research TeachingResearchYou cant have one without the other What is the University o A repository of knowledgeLibraries textbooks professors heads o A place where new knowledge gets madeResearch peer review publication conversation Making new knowledge raises several questions Critical Thinkingthe intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing applying analyzingsynthesizing andor evaluating information gathered from or generated by observation experience reflection reasoning or communication as a guide to belief and actionIn its exemplary form it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter division clarity accuracy precision consistency relevance sound evidence good reasons depth breadth and fairnessCharacteristics of an Academic PaperIts purpose form and function1 Entering the conversation 2 State your own ideas as a response to others Plagiarism is evil because it doesnto Show how your paper contributes to the conversation RepresentationThe social process of making meaning by making signs stand for somethingo Representationpower o trans To take or fill the place ofTo represent means to stand in for something You represent your team or your neighbourhood your university it means to faithfully carry the identity of an area or group to do with honour and to make others aware o to symbolize something abstract or intangible to stand in the place ofo RePresent Representation insists that there is a real world Representation are therefore always partial o Representation always frame realist it the very specific wayso To act as a symbolic sign or substitute for a person or thing to symbolize stand for embody Ideology o Sets of ideas which give some account of the social world usually a partial and selective one
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