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week 2 epistemology final copy.docx

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Sarah Kleeb

Epistemology is a theory of knowledge especially with regard to its methods, validity and scope, and the distinction between justified belief and opinion. Epistemological Questions  What is knowledge?  How do we know what we know?  What is the difference between knowledge and opinion or belief?  What role does subjectivity play in our certainties with regard to knowledge?  What social or cultural structures influence the ways in which we (claim to )know things?  What happens when one person’s “known” is in direct opposition to another person’s “known”?  We obtain information by consulting google but this is not necessarily a balanced source  Data, but not a neutral source Knowledge is information processed through a thinking human mind.  Plato defined knowledge as “justified true belief  Expertise; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject  What is known in a particular field or in total; facts and verified information  Awareness gained by experience of a fact or situation The role of university  A social space in which knowledge is created, stored, transmitted, examined, and critiqued.  Teachers, Scholars, and Students --a dynamic relationship-each forms and informs the others-not mutually exclusive categories.  We create new knowledge through research, analyses, and critique --we contribute to scholarly discourse  Knowledge is stored in libraries, textbooks, websites, professors’ heads  We engage one another in conversation (literal or imagined via written works). Offer critiques and respond to critiques of our own work Have you ever wondered why Wikipedia is not an acceptable primary source?  No structure in place to ensure rigorous peer review --Encyclopedia can work as starting point for research, but never the sole, primary or main source of information. Engaging Knowledge in the university  The university as a space for construction of knowledge, but also for deconstruction of knowledge. --Multiple opportunities to continually re-evaluate theories and trends within our disciplines --Looking to dismantle and/or correct forms of knowledge or information that have become antiquated, or which harbor prejudices, inequalities or oppressive ten
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