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1 Apr 2011
School
Course
Professor
Week 3
Origins of civilization
๎€The term civilization: cities, division of labour, and administration
๎€Archaeological evidence about sophisticated cities
The glory of mauryan India
๎€Pataliputra (capital) and its grandeur
๎€State enterprises and institutions; prosperity and wealth
๎€Maritime trade to southeast Asia extensive transport networks
๎€Impact on Greek philosophy and science
The Guptas dynasty and the empire of harsha
๎€The gupta dynasty as Pataliputra
๎€Chinese accounts (Fa Xian in the early 400s)
๎€The collapse of the guptas
๎€Invasion by the white Huns; Indian contact with the west; chaos and regionalization,
the rise of harsha (Xuan Zangโ€™s account)
The Indian Heritage
๎€Regionalization and cultural diversity
๎€Indiaโ€™s similarities with Europe
๎€Respect for learning and education, the study of the Vedas- males
๎€Scientific medical contributions to Europe and elsewhere
oMathematics; algebra, numeration (0-9), negative/positive, square/cube roots,
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Document Summary

The term civilization: cities, division of labour, and administration. state enterprises and institutions; prosperity and wealth. maritime trade to southeast asia extensive transport networks. The guptas dynasty and the empire of harsha. chinese accounts (fa xian in the early 400s) Invasion by the white huns; indian contact with the west; chaos and regionalization, the rise of harsha (xuan zang"s account) respect for learning and education, the study of the vedas- males. scientific medical contributions to europe and elsewhere: mathematics; algebra, numeration (0-9), negative/positive, square/cube roots, www. notesolution. com zero/infinity, pi, astronomy: solar centred planetary system, rotating earth in orbit around the sun , surgery (caesarean section, plastic surgery) The longshan/yangshao cultures (c. 2000-1600 bce): walled cities; bronze; early forms of pictographic script; silk production. The shang dynasty (c. 1600-1050bce): the consolidation of yangshao and longshan cultures; the xia (hsia) dynasty. oracle bones and corroboration of the shang dynasty; early cities; mythical cultural heroes.

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