Question 3

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Rajyashree Narayanareddy

3. According to Watts how should we understand the insurrections staged by Yan Tatsine (Marwa Maitatsine followers)? How is Watts explanation of insurrection different from that of mainstream explanations? Muslim inspired revolts in Northern Nigeria represent a particular political and cultural expression of changing economic geography in Nigerian capitalism. The rise of fast capitalism in Nigeria was very anarchic (chaotic). The Yan Tatsine movement was a result of the impacts of massive capitalist expansion (fast capitalism). Northern Nigeria is mostly muslims, who are anti-materialist. They also forbid payingreceiving interest payments and frown upon debt. The accumulation of capital was unevenly distributed (prebendalism). Capitalism was against Islamic beliefs. Certain people benefited majorly from the massive exporting economy of oil. But there was corruption, materialism, soaring debt, fast capitalism, growing gap between richpoor, chaotic urban development, etc. JZ[Z ]]Z that the Yan Tatsine (who are the muslim urban poor, known as Talakawa) experienced the downside of capitalism in Nigeria. They lived in absolute poverty, yet they had social unity (imagination of community). The Talakawa people went to informal Islamic schools, indicating that islam was a huge part in their life. They lived by the Quran (capitalism contradicted everything Quranic). The Talakawa were systematically excluded from access to the state, which they experienced as morally bankrupt and illegitimate. Watts suggests that the Maitatsine insurrection represented a powerful, counterhegemonic critique of the Nigerian oil boom and ruling classes. ZoK}}ZZZ ]o]ZK}-]2][Z}]o}}K and modernization. Islam Z^Z]KoLlL}L_:JZZK}L]]}LZ^ }Ko7}ZZ]7 L2}ZL ]o_: According to watts it is fast capitalism amidst Islam that provides the mate
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