GGRB13 - Lecture 11 - Exam Review, Key Terms, and Tips

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Minelle Mahtani

GGRB13 – Lecture 11 (Last Lecture) Review of Final Exam - Cumulative Key Terms - Geography, space, epistemology, landscape, posthuman, etiology, situated knowledge, reflexivity, and environmental determinism Key Themes - Geography: occupies a puzzling position between social and natural sciences - It means different things to different people at different times - Relationship between space and society, but the reality is that these two themes are very broad - Space: always changing, different meanings at different points - A shift from a grid or “absolute space” (a concept from the 1970s) to a space that is constituted - Produced through socio-spatial relations Football Stadium - There are many little things in locales that contribute to meanings and sense of place - Think about the roles of the things located in places - Ex. A phone used in class (it is not ok) is different from a phone used in a stadium (it is ok) - All the objects in a football field produce this sense of place - Space is given a meaning through myth, language and ritual - Its use and occupation shaped by its material form and immaterial meanings (amorphous) that gather around it Place - Life is fieldwork in some way, all the things that you do is an approach to looking at the world in some way - Geography is more than just writing about a place, it is about thinking of the implications of the idea of place for whatever idea that is being researched - Places have a unique and persuasive power - Feminist geography looks at structure and how people feel in place, how is it that gay people disturb the “hetero” way of observing the world? Some Key Themes/Concepts Epistemology – how we know what we know or how knowledge is derived - How knowledge is produced, how can we validly come to know something? - Social geography challenges traditional epistemologies of what are considered valid forms of knowledge Situated knowledge – it challenges objectivity that exists, we cannot be fully subjective, and we are always located in some place in some time which affects our approach and analysis - Knowledge is not just “out there”, but made by actors who are situated within particular contexts - We look at power relations and dismantle particular tools/analysis that make sense of the world - Geography as we know it today is the product of a series of decisions taken in particular historical situations Reflexivity – knowledge is socially and spatially situated - It is dependent on the location in which it is formulated - We need to think about where we are and how we view the world “Your context” – your location in the world - Shapes your view of the world and therefore what you see as important Landscape – the human landscape can be read as a landscape of exclusion - Some people are included in landscape, while others are not, think about boundaries/borders - Landscape is a clue to culture o A major transformation in the cultural look of the landscape is indicative of a change in culture - Geographers
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