Property of Delane BoakyeExam Date: April 28th 7-9PM GYM
Geography Exam Review
Topic 1: Thinking geographically about globalization
Ideologies and discourses of globalization
•Pro-globalization: good for the economy and therefore good for people. Increases
trade and integration into the global economy, therefore encourages economic growth
which will trickle down even to poorer countries.
•Anti-globalization: increases disparities, environmental degradation, reduces national
sovereignty. Benefits of any global economic growth will trickle up to richer countries,
financiers, global corporations.
•“Alter-globalization”: the idea that globalization can result in positive and negative
outcomes depending on how it’s constructed, this would involve changing rather than
dismantling globalization. Globalization as a set of political decisions and actions
What does geography have to offer to the study of globalization?
•According to Murray, human geography offers a distinctive framework for studying
1. Its concern with space, spatial interaction and different scales of activity
2.Human geography ‘peoples’ (humans, and societies) to discourses of globalization
3.Human geography is an eclectic subject- brings together cultural, environmental,
economic, sociological, political aspects and methods of study.
Six Concepts of Human Geography
•Absolute space: space, just a container (with boundaries ad/or boarders)
•Properties that can define it as something
•e.g an empty classroom
•Functional space: space defined by the way its used
•Relative space: space in terms of meaning in relation to others
•e.g our perception of Japan
•Cognitive space: the way we experience,perceive and visualize spaces (mind maps)
•Metaphoric space: abstract, like the Internet, exists but without physical boarders
•Spatiality: how space is produced and reproduced e.g Dubai as a centre of capital and
•space with meaning to you, based on attachment, or what it means to you
•e.g your home
•Uniqueness and identity- distinct characteristics that differentiate different places
•Interconnection of places- most places don’t exist in insolation, they interact with other