GGRB02 EXAM STUDY GUIDE
1.Doreen Massey’s elaboration of global sense of place
•Doreen Massey states that instead of thinking of places as areas with boundaries around, they can
be imagined as articulated moments in networks of social relations and understandings. Global
sense of place includes consciousness of its links with the wider world, which integrates in a
positive way to the global and the local. The point here is that there are real relations with real
content, economic, political, cultural, between any local place and the wider world in which it is
set. Doreen Massey gives an example of how it is not possible to understand the “inner city”, for
instance its loss of jobs, the decline of manufacturing employment there, by looking only at the
inner city. We have to consider the inner city in its wider geographical context.
•Place is not a motionless concept it is a process. This is because places can be conceptualized in
terms of the social interactions which they tie together, then it is also the case that these
interactions themselves are not motionless things or frozen in time. They are processes.
•Second places do not have to have boundaries in the sense of divisions. “Boundaries” may of
course be necessary for the purposes of certain types of studies for instance but they are not
necessary for the conceptualization of place itself. Places have particular linkages to “outside”
which is therefore itself part of what constitutes the place.
•Third, places do not have single unique identities; they are full of internal conflicts. For
example, “London’s Dockland” a place which is at the moment quite clearly defined by conflict.
A conflict over what its past has been (the nature of its heritage), conflict over what should be its
present development, conflict over what could be its future. Places don’t have a single identity
because people experience places differently.
•We have common networks that hold the world together, it urges us to look closer. There are
social relationships and it increasing. Even in the world which is globally networked, there is a
still specificity of a place. The sources of this specificity is “the uniqueness of place”. Each place
is the focus of a distinct mixture of wider and more local social relations. This mixture together in
one place may produce effects which would not have happened otherwise.