Study Guides (258,831)
CA (125,017)
UTSC (8,106)
Geography (159)
GGRB05H3 (14)
melida (2)

view_

8 Pages
82 Views

Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRB05H3
Professor
melida

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 8 pages of the document.
Research Paper GGRB05
The solution for Dynamics Urban Change:
A Critique Review of Le Corbusiers Urban Zoning concepts
Zhen Xuan
995277533
Researches and debates about the urban solution, according to which we ought to plan our city,
have been done from numerous approaches and perspectives. This topic, as a matter of fact, is
extremely broad and complicated, that shall not be confined only to urbanization or architecture or
sociology or etc. Many theories were considered super influential at the time, yet later realized
www.notesolution.com
limited in a certain ways. Le Corbusier is, without doubt, one of the most influential modernists in
the field of architecture and urbanization in the twentieth century. However, along his death in 1965,
the realization about Le Corbusier’s works started to become rational, and many would reasonably
claim that his theories could not possibly be the urban solution of modern cities. Le Corbusier is an
industrial believer. With the fascinating rise of industry business at his time, Le Corbusier thought he
has found the solution in industry, he put faith in mathematics and geometry and fantasized the
utopia that could be accomplished by machines (Lindberg 2004). However, the beauty of
mathematics and geometry is incapable of copy with human irregularities. Within his vision, Le
Corbusier can hardly imagine the unavoidable dynamic growth of cities. Moreover, calculations are
not flexible to deal with human activities (Harris 2006). In S. Richards’ words (2007), Le Corbusiers
urbanism is antisocial. At the same time, I will provide some real examples of city growth to show
that Le Corbusiers theory is unrealistic.
Le Corbusiers theory dedicates to the utopia of how a city should look like, rather than how a
city would look like. Cities with tactics initiated from medieval times have created a chaos, according
to Le Corbusier. Medieval cities like Venice are seen unsuccessful by Le Corbusier. Human
enforcement has lost its dominance in the disordered city growth, the retard of human interference on
the city’s development resulted that human behaviors were instead overwhelmed by the city growth.
Such chaos described by Le Corbusier cannot be solved in the old medieval fashion, however he saw
the rise of industry business as a turning point. Advanced building technology enabled Le Corbusier
to break through the old tradition (Burgess 2008, Lindberg 2004). The five-point difference from the
traditional architecture, concluded by Le Corbusier, can finally be actualized, thus here came his
utopian ambition to create machines for living” through the solution of skyscrapers. Therefore,
efficiency was seen as the key to re-organize the chaos (Lindberg 2004). Le Corbusier has observed
several examples and found that it seems to be always true that the commercial district is usually
www.notesolution.com
located at the centre of a city, while flanked by two belts of residential areas. Such way of
distribution would minimize the diversity within the neighborhood (Burgess 2008). This is also why
Le Corbusier strictly opposed to eclectic urban architecture and multiple layouts. In his terms,
flexibility and ambiguity are terminators of efficiency. As a result, skyscrapers dominate the centre
of a city. To cope with the chaos described by Le Corbusier in terms of city planning, the best
method is to apply mathematics and geometry. Le Corbusier believes that only calculation can work
out the chaotic environment with the best efficiency. Thus according to him a modern city should be
able to work in the realm of calculations. All the streets and residential blocks should be organized by
calculation and repetition. Geometry is the only solution according to Le Corbusier because
repetition of formula creates the beauty of uniformity out of disorder. Cities from medieval times
could not reach the so-called coherence or calm dominated by calculations in order to provide
pleasure to dwellers. Such cities without rhythm are painful (Richard 2007).
Le Corbusiers ambition of creating a utopia worthies admiration, but not that much of
practicality. Cities do unavoidably grow out of planers arrangement. Le Corbusier has his city
structures perfectly planed with mathematics and geometry, however he seems to neglect the human
factors that, in my opinion, are more influential on city growth.
Burgess (2008) has his unique way to describe the process of city growth, he took a
perspective focuses on the change of people which has a great impact on the city’s development.
Burgess discusses the process of city growth in perspectives of expansion, metabolism and mobility.
Firstly, expansion, according to Burgess, means the physical expansion of a city, moreover the
expansion of population. What is the physical expansion of a city? The most straight forward way to
observe a city’s expansion is to see the city boundary shift. The boundary of a city will expand as the
city expands. In many cases, even the city was originally planed with zoning like some concentric
rings with business district at the centre, then blue collar residential area, then suburb area and etc,
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Research Paper GGRB05 The solution for Dynamics Urban Change: A Critique Review of Le Corbusiers Urban Zoning concepts Zhen Xuan 995277533 Researches and debates about the urban solution, according to which we ought to plan our city, have been done from numerous approaches and perspectives. This topic, as a matter of fact, is extremely broad and complicated, that shall not be confined only to urbanization or architecture or sociology or etc. Many theories were considered super influential at the time, yet later realized www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit