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Tutorial 2 Notes

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Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRB28H3
Professor
Mark Hunter

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Packard:
-Looks at health policy from a historical point of view
-Mainly looks at former colonies.
-Split into three time periods.
Colonial Period
-Health care was limited to the colonial elite. The population as a whole did not
receive health care unless there was economic gain or for self preservation of the
colonizers.
-The health care was centered in the urban areas because that’s were the colonizers
were.
-Health care was done in the bio-medical model. Technocratic methods were used
for health care. Campaigns were used to control health problems, instead of
societal solutions.
-Indigenous healthcare was looked down upon and not seen as legitimate
healthcare methods.
Post War Period
-Internationalization of health.
-Creation of international bodies. Such as UNICEF and WHO.
-Health was linked into economical and political interests. Example is
communism.
-Western powers went into third world countries to improve the health care in
order to win the hearts and minds of the populations.
-This was also done to create markets during a time when European markets were
damaged due to WW2.
-Health infrastructure starts being built.
-Healthcare is still technocratic.
Independence Period
-The international bodies gain prominence.
-Urban centers still have more health care infrastructure.
-A link between healthcare and development is seen, a focus on primary
healthcare.
-Health care still mainly based on bio-medical techniques.
Links between three periods
-Societal issues aren’t dealt with
-Terms are changed but things stayed the same. Instead of being called colonial
powers they are now donors.
-Even now technocratic campaigns are used. AIDS are dealt with by promoting
condoms and medicine.
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Description
Packard: - Looks at health policy from a historical point of view - Mainly looks at former colonies. - Split into three time periods. Colonial Period - Health care was limited to the colonial elite. The population as a whole did not receive health care unless there was economic gain or for self preservation of the colonizers. - The health care was centered in the urban areas because thats were the colonizers were. - Health care was done in the bio-medical model. Technocratic methods were used for health care. Campaigns were used to control health problems, instead of societal solutions. - Indigenous healthcare was looked down upon and not seen as legitimate healthcare methods. Post War Period - Internationalization of health. - Creation of international bodies. Such as UNICEF and WHO. - Health was linked into economical and political interests. Example is communism. - West
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