GLOBALIZING - one child policy.docx

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Global Asia Studies
Course Code
Jin Park

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GLOBALIZING REPRODUCING AND CIVILIZING RURAL SUBJECTS nowdays local population control policy was increasingly centered on providing highquality services for rural citizens to cover a variety of issues such as childbearing and child rearing and informed options about contraception abortion and womens reproductive health population control efforts in rural china have been an integral part of the states modernization project since in the early 1970s and they have equally widely been criticized as notoriously harshsevereto facilitate its pop control effort across the vast expanse of rural areas the chinese state has constructed a malleable rural identity an image of the Other that is always seen as lackingsomething good and hence needing the states incessant guidance discipline and efforts at civilization positioning rural subjects as deficient in regards to the states discourse of modernity the Chinese state positions itself as invariably progressive responsible and promising in its quest to legitimize its hegemonic population policy and thereby discursively transform peasants especially women into docile instruments of its modernity project19621970 China saw a net increase of 170 million ppl with an average total fertility rate of 591 children per woman after the cultural Revolution state leaders began to recognize that such rapid population growth was incompatible with the nations planned economy On July 8 1971state council released Decree 51states tht henceforth mankind should not let anarchism dominate human reproduction they also need birth planning o Proclaimed By 1975 the nations annual population growth rate would be reduced to around 10 per thousand in cities and more than 15 per thousand in rural areaso So birth policies increased the legal age fro marriage specified minimum birth intervals and required couples to bear no more than two children Characteristic of the late Maoist era the state claimed the slowdown of the local population growth rate as a great success of the Maoist ideology of class struggle movement 2 shape peasants reproductive practices the birth control campaign was said to demolish old ideas and foster new prevailing customs 1978 a burgeoning population was further diagnosed by the postMao state as a national chronic illness impeding the realization of 4 Modernizations o industry o agriculture o national defense o science and technologythe postMao state became increasingly obsessed with controlling its population growth rate and a more rigorous birth control program became a fundamental national policy
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