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University of Toronto Scarborough
Global Asia Studies
Liang Chen

Week 8 Central Asian Nomads What were so distinctive about the Central Asian nomads in this period? Geography: The steppe and desert regions in Manchuria, Northern China, Mongolia, Southern Part of Russia, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, and Ukraine. Life Style: Hunting and herding (water, grassland, grazing rights, and food) Why were the sedentary agrarian nations like China, India, and Iran constantly threatened or invaded by the Central Asian nomads including the Huns, Mongols, Turks, Arabs, etc.? Skills and strengths: Horse-riding, mounted archery, military techniques Mobility, toughness, warrior culture formidable enemy Rise of the Mongols Chronic invasion from Central Asia to China and India Nomadic lifestyle Rejection of sedentary agrarian lifestyle, competing against other tribes for resources. Low population Low population of the steppe, sheep and goats were important (easy to survive), and horses hold the central role (carriers) Known for mounted archer based military, and the importance of camels (carrier and travel) Nomadic and sedentary peoples depend on each other (China wants horses while Mongols want rice), yet they are hostile toward each other (raids by Mongols, and www.notesolution.com
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