2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Global Asia Studies
Liang Chen

Journal 8: The Opium War, Emperor Kangxi Key Terms Opium War: After the inauguration of the Canton System in 1756, which restricted trade to one port and did not allow foreign entrance into China, the British East India Company faced a trade imbalance in favour of China and invested heavily in opium production to redress the balance. British and American merchants brought opium from Bengal to the coast of China, where they sold it to Chinese smugglers who distributed the drug in defiance of Chinese laws. In 1838, the Emperor sent Lin Zexu to Guangzhou where he quickly arrested Chinese dealers and summarily demanded that foreign firms turn over their stocks. When they refused, Lin stopped trade altogether and placed the foreign residents under virtual siege, eventually forcing the merchants to surrender their opium to be destroyed. In response, the British government sent expeditionary forces from India which ravaged the Chinese coast and dictated the terms of settlement. The Treaty of Nanking not only opened the way for further opium trade, but ceded territory including Hong Kong, unilaterall
More Less

Related notes for GASA01H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.