Global Asia Studies Lecture 1.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Global Asia Studies

Global Asia Studies Lecture 1 o What is Asia?  It is a continent. You can find different cultures, languages, and ethnicities. It can just be an idea, if anything. o What is global Asia?  Global Asia is an expanding field of work in marketing, trading, etc. It is a very current concern. It is of interest in current and future o We are observing a shift in the world zones over time o Globalization is a process of international integration that has resulted from increasing human connectivity and interchange of products and ideas.  Three examples of globalization that can be seen today: 1. McDonald’s making a vegetarian meals in Indian franchise 2. Building tile advertisements in India trying to create a foreign appeal to it (naming the tiles Spaniso) 3. Cadbury advertisement in South Asia o Glocolization which occurred primarily during the 1990s is used to describe the tempering effects of local conditions on global pressures  Essentially the smoothing down o Stuart Hall explained that there were four levels of modernity: political, economic, social and cultural o Cosmology is the study of the world. An account or theory of the origin of the universe  Focused particularly on cosmology in early China, Vedic cosmology, Hindu cosmology, Jain cosmology, and Buddhist cosmology  Before the Common Era (B.C.E.) and the Common Era (C.E.)  BCE is all of the years before 0 and CE are all of the years after 0. Therefore BCE is before year 0 (like when the dinosaurs were cruising around) and CE is after th nd o In China, period from 4 century BCE to 2 century CE was speculated for cosmetology. By 180 CE, three major school had emerged: 1. Kai thien (heavenly cover) school of a domed “heavenly cover” – heaven is hemisphere over square earth surrounded by ocean 2. Hun thien (celestial circles) school – heavens are viewed as spherical. The earth, another sphere floats within them. 3. Hsuan yeh (infinite emptiness) school – a vision of infinite space with celestial bodies at rare intervals floating in it  Where do the dead go? a. An etherealised body (Heavenly or spiritual), upon earth, away from the habitations of the living b. An underworld, the yellow springs (huang chhuan) c. Rise up to the constellations o None of the Chinese cosmology school is ethicised – meaning there is no sense that the good go to a heaven, and the bad go to a hell o In vedic cosmology, the Rg Veda is earliest South Asia document  Rg veda is the first of 4 nddas: Rg, Yajund Sama, and Atharva  It dates back from the 2 half of the 2 millennium BCE o It offers two views of cosmos: 1. Cosmos in two parts: the masculine sky (dyaus) and the feminine earth (prthivi) 2. Cosmos in three parts: the ear
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