Study Guides (256,120)
CA (124,546)
UTSC (8,072)
History (77)
HISB41H3 (7)

Study Guide Part 2

14 Pages
97 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HISB41H3
Professor
C Pennington

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 14 pages of the document.
W.L. Mackenzie King: Prime minister of Canada (1921 26, 1926
30, 1935 48). The grandson of William L. Mackenzie, he was deputy
minister of labour (1900 08) before being appointed Canada's first
minister of labour (1909 11). Re-elected to the Canadian Parliament
(1919), he became leader of the Liberal Party. As prime minister, he
favoured social reform without socialism; he led the government with
support from an alliance of Liberals and Progressives. He effected a
more independent relationship between the Commonwealth nations
and Britain. During and after World War II he unified a country often
divided between English and French constituents.
R.B. Bennett
Bill Aberhart : Created Social Credit Theory. Won Election of Alberta
of 1935. His Conservative government led till 1970 (after Social Credit
failed).
Harry Stevens: Stevens thought that Bennett was doing nothing to
deal with corrupt big businesses. He left the Conservative party and
formed the Reconstruction Party, 1935.
Tim Buck: Ran the Communist Party of Canada which supported the
violent overthrow of the government. Wanted to better lives of
population, improve unions, and encourage protests. Directed by
Joseph Stalin. Buck and the Kingston Eight arrested by Bennett for
advocating violence (violated Section 98). Bennett released them due to
public pressure. At the Maple Leaf Gardens Rally 1934, 17 000 people
gathered at the Maple Leafs Gardens after Bucks release and waved
Communist flags to show support.
J.S. Woodsworth: Created the C.C.F.
Social Credit : Started in Alberta. Created by Bible Bill Aberhart.
The theory was that banks are keeping money from people.
Government should give $25/month to every family in Alberta. Very
popular theory.Federal government disallowed Social Credit.
Section 98: Extend out Communism. Any association that advocated
would lead to punishment. The iron heel of ruthlessness” to those who
violated it.
On-to-Ottawa Trek : 2000 men rode from Vancouver to talk with
Bennett in 1935. Violent confrontation with RCMP in Regina.
appeasement
C.C.F. : Cooperative Commonwealth Federation. Feeling that this was
the end of capitalism. Co-operative commonwealth federation between
farmers, labourers and socialists. Leader was J.S. Woodsworth.
Difference between socialism and communism was that socialism
www.notesolution.com
advocated social democracy. Communists only care about end result.
Woodsworth created the League for Social Reconstruction. In 1933
they came up with the Reginal Manifesto which was a 10 point plan to
eradicate capitalism and replace it with the CCF. Respected because of
Woodsworths support.
Dionne quintuplets: 1934. 5 identical quintuplets born in rural
Ontario. Seized by the Ontario government who said they were unsafe
with parents and 6 siblings. Taken to Quinland, raised in nursery,
became tourist attraction. Made government $5 million. At age 10,
reunited with parents.
New Deal: Bennett announced that he would use new government
interventions in the Election of 1935 to rescue the people of Canada,
better economy. Unemployment/health insurance, minimum wage,
maximum hours/days of work a week, 8-hour workdays.
Pogey: Term used for welfare during the Depression of the 1930s.
Calgary gave about $60/month; Halifax gave about $19/month. Single
men were not eligible at all. Most went to Vancouver.
Election of 1935: Bennetts platform was “Stand by Canada,
Mackenzie-Kings platform was Its King or chaos”. King and Liberals
won 173 seats, Conservatives won 40, CCF won 7, Reconstuctionists
won 1. Tories promised to repeal Section 98.
Spanish Civil War: 1936. 13000 Canadians went as the Mackenzie-
Papineau Battalion. They went to Spain to fight for democratic
government. More than half of men killed. Only 35 survived
unwounded.
CBC: created in 1936. Means of national unity.
NFB: created in 1939. Beginnings of Canadas own culture.
Statute of Westminster: 1931. Canada granted virtual independence
from Britain. Britain gave up disallowing decisions of Canadian
government. Gained control of domestic/foreign policies. Canadians
still considered British subjects. Appeals to Supreme Court of Canada
could be referred to JCPC. Could not amend their own contribution.
Canadians not involved in troubles of other countries fireproof house”.
Laissez-faire: Unemployment was extremely high in Canada during
the 1930s. Political leaders didnt know what to do; they assumed that
things would get better. The Prime Minister of the time, Mackenzie
Kings attitude towards the suffering country was laissez-faire which
means leave things be.
no commitments: Mackenzie-Kings attitude to international affairs
was to not get involved in European affairs.
www.notesolution.com
C.D Howe
Battle of the Atlantic: Lasted from September 1939-May 1945.
German submarines were known as U-Boats. Germans wanted to
sink merchant (supply) ships to sabotage war effort. RCN corvettes
were built to avoid getting sunk. Merchant ships very vulnerable.
Germans had huge advantages over British and Canadian forces.
Eventually, British cracked German codes and used radar which gave
them an advantage.
Dieppe: August 18, 1942. British/Canadian plan for a sneak attack
and raid before dawn. Wanted Hitler to move forces west. 5000
Canadians took part. Did not have element of surprise. Raid lasted
only 9 hours.
Hong Kong: Britain called Hong Kong as indefensible against Japan.
2000 Canadian soldiers from Quebec and Winnipeg went to Hong Kong
in November 1941. The inexperienced Canadian troops threw grenades
without pulling pins. Those who survived were captured. Prisoners of
Japan suffered abuse and harsh conditions.
Strategic bombing: 250 000 Canadian troops. Goal was to sustain
heavy bombardment of Germany with 4 Lancaster bombers. Large
number of German civilian casualties in cities. 17 000 Canadians
killed and 10 000 injured in nighttime bombings. The worst place to be
was in the tail of the Lancaster planes. It was hard to get in and out of
and attacks were almost always to the rear. Major contribution to the
war effort. Tampered with German industries.
Womans war: Jill Canucks in Canadas Armed Forces. 1.2 million
women in the workforce by 1944. Volunteer efforts: served in auxiliary
roles. Subordinates to men. Example: gardening, babysitting, etc.
Notions of femininity conflicted between Rosie the Riveter vs.
Henrietta the Homemaker. Towards the end of the war, women pushed
towards their house roles.
total war
Battle of Britain: July 1940- June 1941. Britains only major ally was
Canada. Winston Churchill became prime minister of Britain. He
stated we shall never surrender. Hitler had no plans to invade
Britain. Battle of Britain was an attempt to weaken British troops in
preparation for a takeover. Canadians were very involved in the Battle
of Britain. Hitler tried to bomb London-the London Blitz but was
unsuccessful. He decided that he could not take over Britain at that
time.
Ogdensburg: Result of a meeting between Roosevelt and the
Canadian prime minister, Mackenzie King, at Ogdens burg, New York,
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
W.L. Mackenzie King: Prime minister of Canada (1921 26, 1926 30, 1935 48). The grandson of William L. Mackenzie, he was deputy minister of labour (1900 08) before being appointed Canadas first minister of labour (1909 11). Re-elected to the Canadian Parliament (1919), he became leader of the Liberal Party. As prime minister, he favoured social reform without socialism; he led the government with support from an alliance of Liberals and Progressives. He effected a more independent relationship between the Commonwealth nations and Britain. During and after World War II he unified a country often divided between English and French constituents. R.B. Bennett Bill Aberhart : Created Social Credit Theory. Won Election of Alberta of 1935. His Conservative government led till 1970 (after Social Credit failed). Harry Stevens: Stevens thought that Bennett was doing nothing to deal with corrupt big businesses. He left the Conservative party and formed the Reconstruction Party, 1935. Tim Buck: Ran the Communist Party of Canada which supported the violent overthrow of the government. Wanted to better lives of population, improve unions, and encourage protests. Directed by Joseph Stalin. Buck and the Kingston Eight arrested by Bennett for advocating violence (violated Section 98). Bennett released them due to public pressure. At the Maple Leaf Gardens Rally 1934, 17 000 people gathered at the Maple Leafs Gardens after Bucks release and waved Communist flags to show support. J.S. Woodsworth: Created the C.C.F. Social Credit: Started in Alberta. Created by Bible Bill Aberhart. The theory was that banks are keeping money from people. Government should give $25month to every family in Alberta. Very popular theory. Federal government disallowed Social Credit. Section 98: Extend out Communism. Any association that advocated would lead to punishment. The iron heel of ruthlessness to those who violated it. On-to-Ottawa Trek : 2000 men rode from Vancouver to talk with Bennett in 1935. Violent confrontation with RCMP in Regina. appeasement C.C.F.: Cooperative Commonwealth Federation. Feeling that this was the end of capitalism. Co-operative commonwealth federation between farmers, labourers and socialists. Leader was J.S. Woodsworth. Difference between socialism and communism was that socialism www.notesolution.com advocated social democracy. Communists only care about end result. Woodsworth created the League for Social Reconstruction. In 1933 they came up with the Reginal Manifesto which was a 10 point plan to eradicate capitalism and replace it with the CCF. Respected because of Woodsworths support. Dionne quintuplets: 1934. 5 identical quintuplets born in rural Ontario. Seized by the Ontario government who said they were unsafe with parents and 6 siblings. Taken to Quinland, raised in nursery, became tourist attraction. Made government $5 million. At age 10, reunited with parents. New Deal: Bennett announced that he would use new government interventions in the Election of 1935 to rescue the people of Canada, better economy. Unemploymenthealth insurance, minimum wage, maximum hoursdays of work a week, 8-hour workdays. Pogey: Term used for welfare during the Depression of the 1930s. Calgary gave about $60month; Halifax gave about $19month. Single men were not eligible at all. Most went to Vancouver. Election of 1935: Bennetts platform was Stand by Canada, Mackenzie-Kings platform was Its King or chaos. King and Liberals won 173 seats, Conservatives won 40, CCF won 7, Reconstuctionists won 1. Tories promised to repeal Section 98. Spanish Civil War: 1936. 13000 Canadians went as the Mackenzie- Papineau Battalion. They went to Spain to fight for democratic government. More than half of men killed. Only 35 survived unwounded. CBC: created in 1936. Means of national unity. NFB: created in 1939. Beginnings of Canadas own culture. Statute of Westminster: 1931. Canada granted virtual independence from Britain. Britain gave up disallowing decisions of Canadian government. Gained control of domesticforeign policies. Canadians still considered British subjects. Appeals to Supreme Court of Canada could be referred to JCPC. Could not amend their own contribution. Canadians not involved in troubles of other countries fireproof house. Laissez-faire: Unemployment was extremely high in Canada during the 1930s. Political leaders didnt know what to do; they assumed that things would get better. The Prime Minister of the time, Mackenzie Kings attitude towards the suffering country was laissez-faire which means leave things be. no commitments: Mackenzie-Kings attitude to international affairs was to not get involved in European affairs. www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit