advocated social democracy. Communists only care about end result.
Woodsworth created the League for Social Reconstruction. In 1933
they came up with the Reginal Manifesto which was a 10 point plan to
eradicate capitalism and replace it with the CCF. Respected because of
•Dionne quintuplets: 1934. 5 identical quintuplets born in rural
Ontario. Seized by the Ontario government who said they were unsafe
with parents and 6 siblings. Taken to Quinland, raised in nursery,
became tourist attraction. Made government $5 million. At age 10,
reunited with parents.
•“New Deal”: Bennett announced that he would use new government
interventions in the Election of 1935 to rescue the people of Canada,
better economy. Unemployment/health insurance, minimum wage,
maximum hours/days of work a week, 8-hour workdays.
•‘Pogey’: Term used for welfare during the Depression of the 1930s.
Calgary gave about $60/month; Halifax gave about $19/month. Single
men were not eligible at all. Most went to Vancouver.
•Election of 1935: Bennett’s platform was “Stand by Canada”,
Mackenzie-King’s platform was “It’s King or chaos”. King and Liberals
won 173 seats, Conservatives won 40, CCF won 7, Reconstuctionists
won 1. Tories promised to repeal Section 98.
•Spanish Civil War: 1936. 13000 Canadians went as the Mackenzie-
Papineau Battalion. They went to Spain to fight for democratic
government. More than half of men killed. Only 35 survived
•CBC: created in 1936. Means of national unity.
•NFB: created in 1939. Beginnings of Canada’s own culture.
•Statute of Westminster: 1931. Canada granted virtual independence
from Britain. Britain gave up disallowing decisions of Canadian
government. Gained control of domestic/foreign policies. Canadians
still considered British subjects. Appeals to Supreme Court of Canada
could be referred to JCPC. Could not amend their own contribution.
Canadians not involved in troubles of other countries “fireproof house”.
•Laissez-faire: Unemployment was extremely high in Canada during
the 1930s. Political leaders didn’t know what to do; they assumed that
things would get better. The Prime Minister of the time, Mackenzie
King’s attitude towards the suffering country was “laissez-faire” which
means “leave things be”.
•‘no commitments’: Mackenzie-King’s attitude to international affairs
was to not get involved in European affairs.