HISA04 - Final Exam Terms Guide

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Natalie Rothman

HISA04 Final Exam Review Final Exam: Key Terms Lecture 11: The Mongol Moment (Strayer 521 549) [Primary Doc: Strayer: 550 559] People - Chinggis Khan (r.1206-1227) o His name means Universal Ruler o Founder, ruler and emperor of the Mongol Empire Also known as Temujin Mongol Empire is the largest contiguous empire in history o Born into Mongols as unstable and factitious collection of tribes and clans Temujins small family were social outcasts Lived in the lowest level of nomadic life because their family had no live stock, only hunted, fished and gathered o Temugins Character: Personal magnetism, courage and trusted friends rather than kinship Did not have a clan but had a band of followers that recognized him as choief He worked his way up tribal politics of Mongolia o 1206: Mongol tribal assembly recognized him as Chinggis Khan Supreme leader of a unifed Great Mongol Nation To keep the Mongols unified, Chinggis looked to expand toward China: o Gave the new unified tribes a common task and external resource to reward his followers o Mongol Empire (with help by his sons and grandsons) Constructed an empire of China, Korea, Central Asia, Russia and much of Islamic Middle east and parts of Eastern Europe o Ruling: Made all the leaders share in the same hardships as their men whoever submits shall be spared, but those who resit, they shall be destroyed with their wives, children and dependents destroyed entire populations if they appeared too www.notesolution.com troublesome to govern o Military: Broke down traditional clan-based division and arranged army into inter-etchnic group: Members of Arban were loyal to one-another regardless of ethnic origin o Near death Appealed to Daoist master from China to find a means of preserving life - Khubilai Khan (r. 1271-1294) o Grandson of Chinggis Khan Ordered Chinese-style ancestral tables to honor his ancestors and posthumously gave them chinese names o Many of his policies reflected values of a Chinese emperor Improving roads, building canals, lowering taxes, patronixing scholars and artists, limiting the death penalty and tortue, supported peasant agriculture and prohibited Mongols from graxing their animals on peasants farmland - Giovanni da Pian del Caprine (1180-1252) th o 13 century European visitor to Mongolia Franciscan friar o Impression of Mongol women: Horse riding They ride as skilful as men Carry quivers and bows Making stuff: They make everything: skin clothes, shoes, leggings, everything from leather - Marco Polo (ca. 1254-1324) th o Venetian trader who travelled through Mongol domains in 13 century Saw that the Mongols had an effective system of relay stations About 10, 000 stations with 200, 000 horses www.notesolution.com
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