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HISB10H3 (4)
Midterm

Midterm 3 Key Terms

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Department
History
Course
HISB10H3
Professor
Jody Cundy
Semester
Fall

Description
1HISB10 KEY TERMS FOR MIDTERM 3 Chapter 7 1 Acropolis y Literally the upper city the citadel of a city or town Many citadel hills had been the sites of Mycenaean palaces and remained as special places in polis life The most famous is the Acropolis of Athens the religious center of the city which was magnificently adorned with temples in the fifth century 2 Aeschylus y Tragedian y Was the first of the famous tragedians of fifthcentury Athens His greatest surviving achievement is the trilogy known as the Oresteia which treats the supreme difficulty of understanding and obtaining a just social and religious order3 Agora y In Homer the term for the place of gathering the assembly of the people In thecitystate period it denoted the public space of a city or town being both the marketplace and civic center Lingering in the agora was the best way to inform oneself about public affairs make business contacts and collect gossip y It was principally a center for secular human activity It served as a market meeting place for the exchange of goods and of news and as a focus of social political and judicial activities 4 Corcyra y In 435 BC a civil war in the Corcyraean colony of Epidamnus moved the democrats to seek assistance from Corcyra When the Corcyraeans turned them down the Epidamnian democrats got help from the Corinthians to fight against the Epidamnian oligarchs The Corcyraeans then sought a defensive alliance with the Athenians When the Corinthians attacked the Corcyraeans in 433 BC Athens found itself at war with Corinth one of the most powerful members of the Peloponnesian League The Corcyraeans were victorious and this increased the chances of war with Sparta 5 Doric order y One of the two principal architectural styles in the Classical period Both orders were used for the same building purposes but they differed in details such as the shape of the columns and of their bases and capitals and in the features of the entablature or structure that supported the roof The impression given is massive solid and plain y Doric columns are sturdier than Ionic theyre thicker and shorter They are the least decorated of the threey The most understated of columns Doric columns were used to symbolize simplicity and purity If the column is as plain as can be looks a little bulky to the eye has flutes on its body and lacks a base it is most likely a Doric column Doric columns were the earliest columns and are likely to have parts missing from them in ancient monuments The Parthenon is said to be one of the most refined examples of the Doric order26 Epidamnus y In 435 BC a civil war in the Corcyraean colony of Epidamnus moved the democrats to seek assistance from Corcyra When the Corcyraeans turned them down the Epidamnian democrats got help from the Corinthians to fight against the Epidamnian oligarchs The Corcyraeans then sought a defensive alliance with the Athenians When the Corinthians attacked the Corcyraeans in 433 BC Athens found itself at war with Corinth one of the most powerful members of the Peloponnesian League The Corcyraeans were victorious and this increased the chances of war with Sparta 7 Erechtheiony A multiuse building sacred to Poseidon Erechtheus and Athena Polias and was purely Ionic The building consisted of three Ionic porches To support the roof the south porch that faced the Parthenon employed six figures of maidens called Caryatids instead of columns The building was begun in 421 BC8 Euripides y Tragedian y Although the plots of Greek tragedy derived from familiar myths Euripides enjoyed innovation and there is some reason to believe that the ending of the play came as a surprise to the spellbound onlookers In Medea Euripides used the tale of Jason the celebrated leader of the Argonauts in their quest for the Golden Fleece to undermine conventional views of what makes a hero 9 Herodotus y Wrote about the history of the Persian Wars y He was heir to the traditions of Ionian rationalism and had a passionate curiosity about causes and origins Herodotus used the Greek word Historia inquiry to describe hisquest for understanding and this word has given us our word for the investigation of the past History10 Hippocrates of Cos y The principal contribution of the Hippocratics lay not in any specific discoveries about medicine but rather in their commitment to seeking rational explanations of natural phenomena The largest corpus of Hippocratic texts deals with gynaecology11 Ionic order y One of the two principal architectural styles in the Classical period Both orders were used for the same building purposes but they differed in details such as the shape of the columns and of their bases and capitals and in the features of the entablature or structure that supported the roof The impression given is slender graceful and ornate y Ionic columns are the tallest and thinnest of the three They tend to have scrolls at the tops y Used to symbolize sophistication and refinement Ionic columns were most often used in buildings that housed museums If the column has a slender appearance has spirals or scrolls decorating its capital and a simple base it is an Ionic column Other than the spirals decorating the capital Ionic columns are pretty plain too
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