1. Alexander Hamilton: 1755-1804: he was the secretary of treasury. created the first us national bank.
protected tariffs ( new industries that have emerged in America from foreign investors). Father of the
federalist party: Federalists, wanted a strong, central, federal government. They wanted a central bank and a
federal army. They also wanted to end slavery.
2. Whiskey Rebellion: 1791: Alexander Hamilton imposed tax on whiskey. wanted to decrease America's
national debt. Believed it was for social disciple and not to generate revenge. it was to secure power of the
new federal government. significant: pissed off farmers because they felt it was going against their
liberty/economic freedom. Whiskey made more income vs. crops. The farmers did not want to give up
their individual profits to the government and this increased social tensions between both
3. Market Revolution: 1755-1850: brought rapid change in America. strengthened America internal and less
dependent on European products. Cannels, railways and roads were created to send products to each other
at an easier and faster rate. changed the whole labour force. farmers and craftsmen became businessman
(created a new middle class, eased tensions)
4. Frederick Douglas: 1818-1895: he was a former slave. social activist. had an impact on anti-slavery
movement. significance - through his speeches/debates he created awareness about the institution of
slavery. it became a huge political issue. famous speech is "calls of abolition of slavery 1862. inspired
individuals to fight for their freedom
5. Dred Scott vs. Sanford debate: 1857: DS was a slave who is suing for his freedom about the death of his
master. argues that he was on free state land before he went to a slave state. Illinois (free state) Minnesota
(free land) and Missouri (slave state). Sanford argues that based on the declaration of independence he is
not considered to be a citizen and he cannot sue. finally - he got rejected/because he was an African
American the federal state could not intervene with the state's decision ( i know why its impt)
6. Nat Turner Rebellion: 1831: he is an African American who led a group of armed men into Virginia. 75
people in total were killed/65 of them were white. important is because it is a form of slave
resistance/created fear. as a result stricter laws were place ex) cannot learn how to read and white was one
7. Five Civilized tribes: 1800s: cherokee, creek, seminole. choctaw and Chickasaw: Indian tribes who were
considered to be civilized because they assimilated themselves to the Anglo- European/American culture.
they dressed like them, embraced Christianity, owned slaves. however they were seen as a treat towards the
extension of slavery west - resulted to the Trail of Tears 1838-39. where Andrew Jackson created a policy
to remove all Indians from the land. they migrated from Mississippi to present day Oklahoma.
8. Free Soil:
9. Fugitive Slave law:1850: law that once a slave as escaped from their masters. the masters usually would
track the slaves and had to prove it was their "property" (known as bloodhound: Tracking of slaves) - used
to help ease the tension btw the south and north
10. John Brown: 1856: radical white abolitionist- led a group of 21 men into Virginia and attacked the harpers
ferry- answered the question of southerners "how far were they willing to go"
11. Bleeding Kansas:1854-58: debate whether or not Kansas should be a free state/slave state. The Kansas act
of 1854 allowed them to choose. Led to 1000s of pro/anti slavery fighting each other. demonstrates how
serious both southerners/northerners were and led to the civil war
12. Abraham Lincoln: president of American 1800s: Honest Abe: ended slavery/gave rights to Africans.
Importance AB vs Douglas debate: Both were going for the U.S senate - both agreed i