HLTA02H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Eclecticism, Scientific Control, Samuel Hahnemann

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2 Aug 2018

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Medicine in the 19th century:
Received most of the healthcare from family members. If complicated, they
could to regular/ irregular doctors.
Regular doctors: 19th century forerunners of contemporary medical doctors.
Poorly paid and poorly trained. Ex: Allopathic doctors: regular doctors; if a
person had malaria, they would give them quinine. They would also use
heroic medicine: an aggressive system of treatment, cured illness by
bloodletting, caused extreme vomiting, or using repeated laxative and
Irregular practitioners: homeopathic, midwives, etc.
Field of homeopathy by Samuel Hahnemann
Allocated imbalance bodily humours
Started conducting controlled experiment to test phyothesis
Doctors trained via apprenticeship (3-7 years)
1823: 1st medical school in Montreal (MCGILL)
1871: Jacob Biglow protested against written exams in favor of more training
Lots of death due to lack of handwashing
Beginning of medical dominance:
1795: allopathic doctors: first unsuccessful attempts
1859: homeopaths: first profession. 1861: eclectics follows
1869: Ontario health act took place: regulate practice
1874: eclectics excluded from college
1910: Flexner report
1912: Canada passed Canada medical act (due to Flexners report)
1906-1922: medical school in USA decreased by 162-81 (because of Flexner’s
1960: Allopathic doctors deny Homeopathic doctors representation in college
Financially progressive: poorer people pay less of their income for services or goods
than wealthier people.
Single-payer system: medical costs of the entire population are financed by one
source, usually the government.
The five principles of the Canada Health Act form the cornerstone of the Canadian
health care system:
Universality: all eligible residents are entitled to public health insurance
coverage on uniform terms and conditions;
Portability: coverage for insured services must be maintained when an insured
person moves or travels within Canada or travels outside the country;
Public administration: the health insurance plan of a province or territory
must be administered on a non-profit basis by a public authority;
Accessibility: reasonable access by insured persons to medically necessary
hospital and physician services must not be impeded by financial or other
barriers, and
Comprehensiveness: all medically necessary services provided by hospitals and
doctors must be insured.
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