HLTA02H3 Study Guide - Compulsory License, Ulrich Beck, Persistent Organic Pollutant
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-Mechanistic model look @ the human body as a machine n break it down
-Flexner Reportaudit of medical school, as a result, a lot of medical schools were closed
-Reductionism model cause of disease is related to individual factors
-Engels proponent of environment..focused on links b/w living, poor conditions
-Virchow social and economic deprivation (main focus)
-Illich came up w/ antigenises, also focused on individual’s responsibility abt their
-1945 put forward a plan for access medical care 2 every1 (started 1st in Saskatchewan)
-Hospital construction grants program shared cost 4 medical institutions
-1972 all provinces have signed on 4 medicare
-Romanow Commission in 2001, mission discussed 2 integrated chaouli (chapter 2)
-Saskatchewan 1st province 2 sign for a healthcare system
1. Social disease- disease has a high risk among socialized group of people
1.Center For Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) annotate "health care is vital to all of us
some of the time, but public health is vital to all of us all of the time" (2009).
What is the new “public health”?
-New public health is the concentration of social environment; those refer on
public health. Public life incorporates lifestyle, the social environment.
oSocial factors results to social nature of disease (ex: lung cancer
[smoking], TB [over-crowding conditions])
List and describe the main structural dimensions of the public health system in Canada.
-Health surveillance, disease and injury protection, health care protection,
population health assessment, health promotion, emergency preparedness (one
being debated on)
oHealth promotion: implements strategies that allows u to improve the
system and improve control
Describe the barriers to the full realization of a strengthened public health system. (What
is stopping it from working)
-More focus on crisis management and prevention
-Problem with new public health definition: the definition duznt work fluidly
(different province to province)
2.Often there is debate amongst health professionals whether to include “Emergency
Preparedness” as a distinct dimension of the emerging new public health system in
Canada. Clearly provide your standpoint with well-drawn out arguments. (Use this
question as a class forum/debate)
-Its important cuz there wud be faster preparedness (Faster reaction times)
-Stock piling of emergency safety products
3.What are some indicators of health status and non-medical determinants of health? How
do they help to explain health and illness in our society?
-Life expectancy; Mortality rate; Causes of death
4.According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the gap in health between white
and black Americans has been estimated to cause 84 000 excess deaths a year in the
United States. In the United States, health disparities are well documented in minority
populations such as African Americans, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and
Latinos. When compared to European Americans, these minority groups have higher
incidence of chronic diseases, higher mortality, and poorer health outcomes.
In what ways are racism and racialization associated with health and illness?
What strategies could researchers employ in order to explore the role of race in research
on health and illness.
-Racism is distinction b/w race color; Racialization is process by which u have
- Engels: Environmentalist factors
- Illich: Individualistic factors
1) Nurses in Canada want full-time employment, appropriate workloads, involvement in
decision making and educational opportunities. During the cutbacks of the 1990s, many
nurses were forced into part-time or casual jobs. By the late 1990's, 48% of nursing
positions provided only part-time work. Desperate for stable employment, up to 15% of
new Canadian graduates now move directly to the U.S (Sibbald, 2002, p. 535). Discuss
the push and pull factors influencing the international migration of health care
b. Limited opportunities
c.Impact of HIV/AIDS
d. Danger work environments
e.Lack of career opportunities
b. Better working conditions
c.Have a lot of opportunities
d. Political stability
2. Which factors have facilitated the emergence of nursing as a prominent health care
occupation? Which factors have served to constrain the development of nursing in
Canada? What implications have changes in medical technology and in the
organization of health care services had for the development of nursing?