Study Guides (258,819)
CA (125,011)
UTSC (8,100)
HLTB15H3 (19)

lecture/texbook

6 Pages
125 Views

Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTB15H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Lecture 6 Principles of Health Research
Three main types of reviews:
Review- synthesize the results and conclusions of 2 or more publications on a
given topic
Overview/ Systematic literature review- comprehensively identify and track
down all the literature on a given topic
Meta-analysis- techniques that combines pooled data sets from different studies
and analyzes them in order to reach a single observation for the aggregated
data.
Literature Review
major publications
basis of theoretical framework
proposed methodology
Includes:
a conceptual framework and theoretical and empirical information
Major research findings, research questions, and gaps
Objective
To broaden the knowledge base
Gives information on methods and procedures
Systemic Review
scientific tool which can be used to summarize, appraise, and communicate the
results and implications of otherwise unmanageable quantities of research
(CRD Report 4)
Published and unpublished 'grey' Literature
Aim: reduce bias
systematic approach in identification and evaluation of materials
objectiveness and interpretation
reproducibility
Resources:
Cochrane Collaboration:
Group of subject and methodology specialists who identify and synthesise
the results of controlled trials and maintain their reviews
Developed a highly sensitive search strategy that has since been
improved.
ScHARR- School for health and related Research
permits a broader perspective both in terms of range of study designs and
in incorporating qualitative research
Steps:
Set objectives
develop rationale
Well-defined research question- Population, Medical/ social problem,
intervention, outcomes of concern, design of study
www.notesolution.com
Design
Study protocol- set out tasks and methods
Time chart and budget
Identify Sources
comprehensive in coverage of bibliographic sources
types of material
Period of time to be covered
availability of previous bibliographies and reviews
published work
Devising the search plan
Summary of the study
Inclusion and exclusion criteria
List of the appropriate publications
Sources and methods that will be used to identify materials
Brainstorm of associated or concepts related to the topic
Authors / institutions
Manually searching reference lists or indexes, bibliographies...
Unpublished literature
Search Strategy
Operationalises these decisions for an individual database
Are subject headings appropriate, specific , consistent, or precise?
Which syntax will be used? Boolean logic i.e. OR AND
Include input from information specialist
Testing
Missing aspects
additional concepts or search terms
have all publications been retrieved
Revision
Assessing the Quality of Studies
Relevance
Validity
blind review or use of a “critical appraisal checklist
Outcome of the assessment:
to exclude
to rank or group studies by quality
adoption of either an interpretative or a statistical approach to combine
results
Presentation of results
what is the major conclusions of the review
what are the sources of evidence
what is the quality of the evidence
what is the likely degree of completeness
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Lecture 6 Principles of Health Research Three main types of reviews: Review- synthesize the results and conclusions of 2 or more publications on a given topic Overview Systematic literature review- comprehensively identify and track down all the literature on a given topic Meta-analysis- techniques that combines pooled data sets from different studies and analyzes them in order to reach a single observation for the aggregated data. Literature Review major publications basis of theoretical framework proposed methodology Includes: a conceptual framework and theoretical and empirical information Major research findings, research questions, and gaps Objective To broaden the knowledge base Gives information on methods and procedures Systemic Review scientific tool which can be used to summarize, appraise, and communicate the results and implications of otherwise unmanageable quantities of research (CRD Report 4) Published and unpublished grey Literature Aim: reduce bias systematic approach in identification and evaluation of materials objectiveness and interpretation reproducibility Resources: Cochrane Collaboration: Group of subject and methodology specialists who identify and synthesise the results of controlled trials and maintain their reviews Developed a highly sensitive search strategy that has since been improved. ScHARR- School for health and related Research permits a broader perspective both in terms of range of study designs and in incorporating qualitative research Steps: Set objectives develop rationale Well-defined research question- Population, Medical social problem, intervention, outcomes of concern, design of study www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit