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detailed study guide of lecs 1-6

31 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTB21H3
Professor
Caroline Barakat

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Name of
Disease/Pla
gue
Cause of
disease: e.g.
bacteria,
parasite,
vector
Mode(s) of
transmission HostSympt
oms &
Clinic
al
Manif
estati
on
Disease History (from
the first case to the
spread as an
epidemic/pandemic,
etc.)
Disease Control:
drugs, hygienic
practices
Pneumonia
a.k.a.
Legionnaire
s Disease
Bacteria:
legionellaIndirect transmission:
Aspiration of bacteria
in aerosolized water
from either cooling
towers or evaporative
condensers.
Droplet spread: via
sneezing, coughing,
spitting, etc.
Human Fever,
chills,
headac
he,
muscle
aches,
dry
cough,
chest
pains,
shortne
ss of
breath,
vomitin
g,
diarrhe
a,
lungs
filled
with
fluid
and
pus,
confusi
on,
disorie
ntation,
hallucin
ations,
First person to contract
the disease: In 1976 Peter
Turner, a WWII
veteranattending the
Legionnaires convention
in Philadelphia, spent a
lot of time in the air
conditioned lobby.
Through the AC system,
the bacterium spread and
infected 221 legionnaires,
33 of which died.
Present day: 11, 000
documented cases
annually in US, with an
estimate of actually
100,000 cases.
Fatality rate: 15%
www.notesolution.com
loss of
memor
y.
Can
lead to
death.
Toxic Shock
Syndrome
(TSS)
Bacteria:
Staphylococcus
aureus
Indirect
transmission: use of
polyester tampons
that provide
suitable
environment for
bacteria to cultivate
Not discussed Begins
with
vomiti
ng,
high
fever,
followe
d by
lighthe
aded-
ness
and
faintin
g, sore
throat,
muscle
aches.
A day
later, a
sun
burnt
like
rash
appear
s
everyw
here,
and
eyes
TSS is gender specific. In
1979, Mary Benton, first
TSS case, a TA at UCLA
felt ill a day after her 24th
b-day. Pelvic examination:
brown discharge. The
disease is linked to use of
super absorbent tampons
with carboxylmethyl
cellulose with polyester
foam.
Fatality rate: 4%
Causedfear of diseases
and being affected.
www.notesolution.com
become
bloods
hot.
After
3-4
days
victims
suffer
confusi
on,
fatigue
,
weakn
ess,
thirst,
rapid
pulse
&
breathi
ng, cool
and
moist
skin.
Sudde
n bp
drop
causes
shock
and
circula
tory
system
collaps
es.
Death:
multi-
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Name of Cause of Mode(s) of Host Sympt Disease History (from Disease Control: DiseasePla disease: e.g. transmission oms & the first case to the drugs, hygienic gue bacteria, Clinic spread as an practices parasite, al epidemicpandemic, vector Manif etc.) estati on Pneumonia Bacteria: Indirect transmission:Human Fever, First person to contract a.k.a. legionella Aspiration of bacteria chills, the disease: In 1976 Peter in aerosolized water headac Turner, a WWII Legionnaire s Disease from either cooling he, veteranattending the towers or evaporative muscle Legionnaires convention condensers. aches, in Philadelphia, spent a Droplet spread: via dry lot of time in the air sneezing, coughing, cough, conditioned lobby. spitting, etc. chest Through the AC system, pains, shortne the bacterium spread and ss of infected 221 legionnaires, 33 of which died. breath, Present day: 11, 000 vomitin g, documented cases diarrhe annually in US, with an estimate of actually a, lungs 100,000 cases. filled Fatality rate: 15% with fluid and pus, confusi on, disorie ntation, hallucin ations, www.notesolution.com loss of memor y. Can lead to death. Toxic Shock Bacteria: Indirect Not discussed Begins TSS is gender specific. In Syndrome Staphylococcus transmission: use of with 1979, Mary Benton, first (TSS) aureus polyester tampons vomiti TSS case, a TA at UCLA that provide ng, felt ill a day after her 24 suitable high b-day. Pelvic examination: environment for fever, brown discharge. The bacteria to cultivate followe disease is linked to use of d by super absorbent tampons lighthe with carboxylmethyl aded- cellulose with polyester ness foam. and Fatality rate: 4% faintin Caused fear of diseases g, sore and being affected. throat, muscle aches. A day later, a sun burnt like rash appear s everyw here, and eyes www.notesolution.com become bloods hot. After 3-4 days victims suffer confusi on, fatigue , weakn ess, thirst, rapid pulse & breathi ng, cool and moist skin. Sudde n bp drop causes shock and circula tory system collaps es. Death: multi- www.notesolution.com
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