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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC22H3
Professor
Anna Walsh

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HLTB01H3S: Health, Aging and the Life Cycle
Department of Health Studies
University of Toronto at Scarborough
Winter 2011
Instructor: Anna Walsh.
Term: Winter 2011 Mondays 3 p.m.-5 p.m.
Lecture Room: AA 112
E-mail: hedy.walsh@utoronto.ca
Phone: 416-287- 5642.
Teaching Assistants: TBA
Office: BV 506.
Office Hours: Mondays: 2 p.m.-3 p.m.
March 21, 2011
Stress and Social Support: Intranet Notes.
A&G: Ch 10- Stress, Coping, and Health.
A&G: Ch 11- Social Support, Health, and Aging.
Chapter 10
Stress, Coping, and Health
Stress is a major pathway through which psychosocial factors affect physiology
and the aging process.
Stress
Stress as a Physiological State
Classic Theories
Cannon (1915) was the first physiologist to systematically describe the
physiological effects of stress.
Selye expanded on Cannon’s conceptions in two ways.
Modern Theories
Modern conceptions of the stress response differ in several important ways. Both
Cannon and Seyle argued that there are general responses to stress, but it is now
widely recognized that there are individual differences in stress reactions.
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Positive Physiological Changes
Researches have been so focused on the negative consequences of stress that
possible positive outcomes tend to be overlooked.
Physiological Stress and Aging
In humans, the findings on age-related changes in the stress response are quite
variable and somewhat contradictory.
Trauma
Traumatic stress is defined by the DSM-IV-TR as direct personal experience of an
event that involves serious threat to the life or physical integrity of self or
significant others, or learning about such an experience of a family member or
close associate.
Traumatic events can be loosely grouped into three general categories. Natural or
technological disasters including earthquakes, tornadoes, volcanoes, floods, and
nuclear accidents.
The effects of trauma can last a lifetime.
Stressful Life Events
There is some overlap between life events and individual trauma.
Chronic Role Strain
Sociologists developed the construct of chronic role strain, which refers to
enduring problems linked to social roles such as marriage, work, parenting,
finances, and health.
Daily Stressors
Daily stressors or “hassles are in many ways similar to chronic role strain.
Stress as a Transaction between the Person and the Environment
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Description
HLTB01H3S: Health, Aging and the Life Cycle Department of Health Studies University of Toronto at Scarborough Winter 2011 Instructor: Anna Walsh. Term: Winter 2011 Mondays 3 p.m.-5 p.m. Lecture Room: AA 112 E-mail: [email protected] Phone: 416-287- 5642. Teaching Assistants: TBA Office: BV 506. Office Hours: Mondays: 2 p.m.-3 p.m. March 21, 2011 Stress and Social Support: Intranet Notes. A&G: Ch 10- Stress, Coping, and Health. A&G: Ch 11- Social Support, Health, and Aging. Chapter 10 Stress, Coping, and Health Stress is a major pathway through which psychosocial factors affect physiology and the aging process. Stress Stress as a Physiological State Classic Theories Cannon (1915) was the first physiologist to systematically describe the physiological effects of stress. Selye expanded on Cannons conceptions in two ways. Modern Theories Modern conceptions of the stress response differ in several important ways. Both Cannon and Seyle argued that there are general responses to stress, but it is now widely recognized that there are individual differences in stress reactions. 1 www.notesolution.com
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