Study Guides (256,400)
CA (124,629)
UTSC (8,077)
HLTC23H3 (37)
Final

Lecture 2 Study Notes

8 Pages
105 Views

Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC23H3
Professor
Jason Ramsay

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 8 pages of the document.
Lecture #2: The Ecological Model of Child Development
Monday, January 17th/2011
Approaches to Understanding Development
Jean Piaget
Lev Vygotsky
Bowlby and Attachment Theory
Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological approach to understanding child development is best suited to our
project of linking macro variables to child outcomes.
Jean Piaget (1896-1980)
Swiss philosopher-scientist
Believed in genetic epistemology” as an approach to understanding development
Thought that children were little thought-sacks
Was a constructivist: He thought that we use thoughts like building blocks
Piaget and Cognitive Development
Children actively participate in their own development
scientists in the crib”
Construct their undersatanding of the world through hypothesis testing
The basic processes of development are:
oOrganization
oAdaptation
Assimilation/Accomodation
It is the basis of how we organize our world
This forms the basis of how we develop cognitively throughout life
It is also a good explanation of learning
The complexity of assim/accom increases with each stage
www.notesolution.com
Assimilation
oYou receive info about the world
oYou assess the info
oIt fits with your pre-existing theory
oNo need to change your theory
Accommodation
oYou receive info about the world
oYou assess the info
oIt does not fit with your pre-existing theory
oYou change your theory
Schemas
A schema is a mental model of an aspect of the world
We operate through our schemas
Schemas can be scripts, plans and goals
Schemas are dynamic and continually updated through assimilation and accommodation
Schemas are visual and verbal
The higher the stage of development, the greater the schema
Schema is also used as a term in the Cognitive Therapy literature
Famous inventor of cognitive therapy, Aaron T. Beck called schemas:
o“a cognitive structure for screening. Coding and evaluating the stimuli that impinge on
the organism..
oSchemas develop as efficient, automatic ways of responding quickly to the world.
Sensorimotor Stage
Child begins to coordinate her body and senses
Develops from instinctive reactions toward the beginnings of symbolic thought at the end of the
stage
www.notesolution.com
Symbol use is extremely limited
Development of primitive symbols and basic words and very basic social skills(facial emotions,
social referencing)
Pre-Operational Stage
Child develops language skills
Can represent the world through symbls
These symbols go beyond the connection of physical activity and action
Words, images, drawings
Develops an understanding of the social world (perspective taking)
Development of pretense and imagination
Concrete Operations
Child can now reason logically about concrete events and classify objects into different sets
Logical reasoning replaces intuitive thought
Symbol use is complex and rich
Still, not up to algebra
Executive functions need to develop
Formal Operations
Reasoning is increasingly abstract
Reasoning explicit and logical
Development of execution and decision making abilities develop
New evidence that our frontal lobes dont stop developing until we are @ 25 yrs
Do all of us reach formal operations?
Criticisms
The stages are not pure
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Lecture #2: The Ecological Model of Child Development Monday, January 17 2011 Approaches to Understanding Development Jean Piaget Lev Vygotsky Bowlby and Attachment Theory Bronfenbrenners Ecological approach to understanding child development is best suited to our project of linking macro variables to child outcomes. Jean Piaget (1896-1980) Swiss philosopher-scientist Believed in genetic epistemology as an approach to understanding development Thought that children were little thought-sacks Was a constructivist: He thought that we use thoughts like building blocks Piaget and Cognitive Development Children actively participate in their own development scientists in the crib Construct their undersatanding of the world through hypothesis testing The basic processes of development are: o Organization o Adaptation AssimilationAccomodation It is the basis of how we organize our world This forms the basis of how we develop cognitively throughout life It is also a good explanation of learning The complexity of assimaccom increases with each stage www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit