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Lecture 7 Study Notes

6 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC23H3
Professor
Jason Ramsay

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Lecture #7: Evaluating Early Childhood Programs
Monday, February 28th/2011
What is a Systematic Review?
A systematic review is a careful analysis of already published data, usually from
peer-reviewed journal papers
It is a means of generating useful knowledge, drawing on what has already been
published
Used to identify effectiveness of treatments, across many trials
Used to identify gaps in knowledge
Used to inform and shape policy at the government level
Quality Control
In a systematic review, quality control is important
Exhaustive search of databases
Criteria for including research articles is stringent
Makes sure that the best science gets evaluated
The procedure is comprehensive, and time consuming
Also, one can average effect sizes (measures of effectiveness of treatments) and give
an overall number of effectiveness
Examples
There is a special clearinghouse for many systematic reviews called The Cochrane
Review
http://www.cochrane.org/reviews/
Other types of reviews called realist reviews can go beyond published science to
interview people, and survey other forms of data (newspaper articles, etc.)
www.notesolution.com
Systematic Review of Early Intervention
Child poverty is a major issue in North America
There are clear ethnic differences (only 57% of African American children could
recognize letters by entry into kindergarten, as opposed to 75% White kids)
There are clear difference in School Readiness on the basis of SES and ethnicity
School readiness/readiness to learn
oSchool readiness is measured in kindergarten
oIn Ontario, the Early Development Instrument (EDI) is used
oIt is a big predictor of achievement in school and in later life
oIt is comprehensive, measuring 5 dimensions of academic readiness (e.g.
cognitive, social, emotional)
Why interventions?
oInterventions are critical because they seek to level the playing field and
make learning democratic
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture #7: Evaluating Early Childhood Programs Monday, February 28 2011h What is a Systematic Review? A systematic review is a careful analysis of already published data, usually from peer-reviewed journal papers It is a means of generating useful knowledge, drawing on what has already been published Used to identify effectiveness of treatments, across many trials Used to identify gaps in knowledge Used to inform and shape policy at the government level Quality Control In a systematic review, quality control is important Exhaustive search of databases Criteria for including research articles is stringent Makes sure that the best science gets evaluated The procedure is comprehensive, and time consuming Also, one can average effect sizes (measures of effectiveness of treatments) and give an overall number of effectiveness Examples There is a special clearinghouse for many systematic reviews called The Cochrane Review http:www.cochrane.orgreviews Other types of reviews called realist reviews can go beyond published science to interview people, and survey other forms of data (newspaper articles, etc.) www.notesolution.com
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