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Reading: Relationships Between Poverty and Psychopathology: A Natural Experiment

2 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC23H3
Professor
Jason Ramsay

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Relationships Between Poverty
and Psychopathology
A Natural Experiment
Recent research has emphasized genetics play a role in ones vulnerability to many of
the psychiatric disorders
Social selection example of theory consistent with gene-environment correlation in
which affected peoples and their family drift down to poverty which increases risk of
mental illnesses
Social causation is different in which there is an interaction between gene and
environment in which genetic risk remains latent unless individuals are exposed to
stress from poverty by situations they cant control
Distinction between social selection and causation important in finding strategies to
prevent of treat mental illnesses
Great Smoky Mountains Study
Longitudinal study done through interviewing families
Purpose in this experiment was to test role of social selection and social causation of
child psychopathology
Subjects of the experiment were children aged 9-13 from a rural area. Of these
children ¼ was American Indian and the rest predominantly whites
Half way through study, casino opened near Indian reservation giving every
American Indian income supplement which increased annually
o 14% of families to move out of poverty (ex-poor)
o53% remained poor (persistently poor)
o32% were never poor
oNon-American Indians were not affect by this income supplement
Psychiatric symptoms in these children were being looked at 4 years before and after
the casino opened
oBefore the casino opened, the persistently poor and ex-poor had more
psychiatric symptoms
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Description
Relationships Between Poverty and Psychopathology A Natural Experiment Recent research has emphasized genetics play a role in ones vulnerability to many of the psychiatric disorders Social selection example of theory consistent with gene-environment correlation in which affected peoples and their family drift down to poverty which increases risk of mental illnesses Social causation is different in which there is an interaction between gene and environment in which genetic risk remains latent unless individuals are exposed to stress from poverty by situations they cant control Distinction between social selection and causation important in finding strategies to prevent of treat mental illnesses Great Smoky Mountains Study Longitudinal study done through interviewing families Purpose in this experiment was to te
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