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Anderson Reading-Effectiveness of ECD programs

2 Pages
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Department
Health Studies
Course Code
HLTC23H3
Professor
Jason Ramsay

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Andersen et al- Effectiveness of Early Childhood Development Programs
Abstract-
Physical health, cognition, language and social and emotional development underpin school
readiness
ECD programs are a community resource that promotes wellbeing of young children
Example of such a program: head start- closes the gap in readiness to learn bw poor
children and rich kids.
Look at assessment of effectiveness of these programs in increasing rediness and reducing
gap bw groups
Introduction
Critical dimensions of child development are self regulation, establishment of early
relationships, knowledge acuqisiton, skill building
In the United States, where the rate of child poverty is substantially higher than that of most other
major Western industrialized nations,11 children are almost twice as likely as any other age
group to live in poverty
Low family income and community poverty lead to racial and ethnic achievement gaps. A recent
U.S. Department of Education study shows, for example, that 71% of white children entering
kindergarten could recognize letters, compared with 57% of African American
Head Start a national preschool program catered to disadvantaged backgrounds to bring
about better social competence. Has 5 objectives- to enhance childrens growth and devpt,
strengthen families, provide children with educational health and nutritional services, link
families to needed community services, ensure well managed programs that involve parents
Head start was created in 1965. Billions of dollars of budget.
Healthy people initiative in 2010 draws attn on health outcome, cognitive outcomes, etc and
their relation to income inequalities
Panel established priority of research in education and ECD
Other recommendations included looking at many determinants and vast implementation of
high quality education
Healthy People 2010 Goals and Objectives
Maternal and Child Health Goal: Improve the health and well-being of women, infants,
children, and families
Prenatal Care Objective:
Increase the proportion of pregnant women who receive early and adequate prenatal care
(Objective 16-6)
Risk Factor Objectives:
Reduce low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW) (Objective 16-10)
Reduce the occurrence of developmental disabilities (Objective 16-14)
Education and Community-Based Programs Goal: Increase the quality, availability and
effectiveness of educational and
community-based programs designed to prevent disease and improve health and quality of life
School Setting Objective: Increase high school completion; target: 90% (Objective 7-1)
Methods
Systematic interviews for community guide were taken
Methods for social environment and health reviews were observed in this study
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Description
Andersen et al- Effectiveness of Early Childhood Development Programs Abstract- Physical health, cognition, language and social and emotional development underpin school readiness ECD programs are a community resource that promotes wellbeing of young children Example of such a program: head start- closes the gap in readiness to learn bw poor children and rich kids. Look at assessment of effectiveness of these programs in increasing rediness and reducing gap bw groups Introduction Critical dimensions of child development are self regulation, establishment of early relationships, knowledge acuqisiton, skill building In the United States, where the rate of child poverty is substantially higher than that of most other major Western industrialized nations,11 children are almost twice as likely as any other age group to live in poverty Low family income and community poverty lead to racial and ethnic achievement gaps. A recent U.S. Department of Education study shows, for example, that 71% of white children entering kindergarten could recognize letters, compared with 57% of African American Head Start a national preschool program catered to disadvantaged backgrounds to bring about better social competence. Has 5 objectives- to enhance childrens growth and devpt, strengthen families, provide children with educational health and nutritional services, link families
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