Chapter 3&4.docx

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Health Studies
Michelle Silver

Chapter 3 – Emerging Public Health System in Canada Introduction  Positive economics- used to describe economics  Stylised facts are simplified or generalisations of empirical findings, without scientific details  Equity is a synonym for fairness but does not mean equality  Public Health policy and practice are concerned with preventing injury and illness within a population  it was only until recently that substantial efforts were made to reform the Canadian medical care system and turn it into a health care system  other then prevention and treatment, health promotion has also became a global goal, known as new public health Background  public health and the health care systems is generally seen as an indicator of the modernization process  industrialization led to public health policies in order to protect the workers  drugs that can help manage AIDS and delay death are not affordable by the poor, and these are the ones most effected by the disease  the Spanish Flu killed the most out of the three major flu’s, up to 59 million people  most deaths in Canada are caused by four diseases, cancer, lung disease, diabetes and heart disease  depression is highly prevalent in Canada but is identified as an “orphan child”  the health care system has been unsuccessful in contending with the complexity of most chronic conditions The New Public Health System In Canada  there is no obvious consensus concerning either the nature of the problems confronting us, or regarding how we should respond to them  spending on health care reached about 142 billion dollars in 2005 and is still increasing  Health care, sometimes referred to as the public health-care system, focuses mainly on treating individuals, while public health targets entire populations to keep people from becoming sick or getting sicker  The five main components of the Canadian public health system are health surveillance, disease and injury prevention, health protection (inspection of restaurants and such), population health assessment and health promotion  Improvements to health status can be achieved through structural reforms that reduce economic disparities, Healthy cities Project  Health promotion is based on thr
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