Study Guide for Final

10 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

HLTA01 Notes II Chapter 12: The Great Pox Syphillis AKA: the disease of Naples (blamed on Italians), the French disease, the Polish disease, the Chinese disease, the Spanish disease Transmission: Thought to be transferred thru infectious chancre (canker)sores in mouth, rash on skin, high sexual activity, 10-yr oscillation of syphilis epidemics, R =3, need population Symptoms: fevers, open sores, disfiguring scars, disabling pains in the joints and gruesome deaths Diagnosing Syphilis: in chancre stage using examination of fluid from lesion, VDRL and RPR Treatments: mercury (salivation produce mass amt of salvia), guaiacum resin (holy wood) from trees, salvarsan (arsenic), Penicillin, no vaccine, is still present today Incidence : highest in people exchanging drugs for sex, sex workers, men 5x more than women 2 Main Theories - Columbian Theory brought by Christopher Columbus from America to Spain o supported by writings of Emperor Maximilian o skeletal finds bone lesions, scrimshaw patterns, saber thickening on lower limbs of adults, notched teeth in children o 1493 existed in a milder form, but transmission of the more virulent form increased as there were social changes ex: sharing clothes, utensils - Pre-Columbian Theory came from animals, originated in Africa and evolved from Pinta to Yaws to Syphilis to virulent Syphilis Spirochete Discovered - spiral shaped bacterium, stained poorly, Treponema Pallidum - human beings are the only natural host - other related Treponema = cause relapsing fever and Lyme disease - very alike gonorrhoea, venereal disease 3 Stages of Syphilis 1) primary stage around 21 days after initial contact, painless pea sized ulcer (chancre) appears at site of spirochete inoculation, can appear lips, fingers, or genitals o chancre disappears within 4-8 weeks, leaving a small inconspicuous scar 2) secondary stage disseminated stage usually develops 2-12 weeks after the chancre stage, highly infectious stage o this stage may be delayed for more than a year high levels of syphilis antigen, T.pallidum is present in the blood o skin rash, blood transfusion is rare can survive no longer than 24-28 hours in blood bank storage conditions 3) tertiary stage latent stage - 2 years, no longer infectious, destructive ulcers (gummas) appear in the skin, muscles, liver, lungs and eyes, may infect spinal cord and brain o asymptomatic neurosyphilis, most patients die within 5yrs after showing first signs of paralysis and insanity
More Less

Related notes for HLTB21H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.