What are other names 1. Morbus gallicus 2. The French disease/evil
for Syphilis? 3. Italian disease 4. Spanish disease 5. Polish
disease 6. Christian disease 7. British disease 8.
Great Pox 9. Lues (Lues venerea) 10. Cupid's
disease 11. The Black Lion 12. Grandgore in
Scottland 13. Disease of Naples
Is it believed that It is believed that the disease came from
syphilis derived from Naples. It was contracted by French soldiers
Naples?And from who slept with "unclean" women and returned
who? to France.
What are the two 1) Colombian Theory: Introduced to Europe
theories of the disease from the New World ( possibly returned with
origin? Columbus and his crew). Proof is from skeletal
findings, written records, and patterns of
The human disease yaws, pinta and syphilis are
identical in their morphology but differ very
little genetically. Theory suggests that human
treponemes may have come from animals and
that an infection similar to pinta (localized in
the skin). Arose about 15,000 BC inAfrica and
then with human migration passed across the
Bering Straits to become isolated in the tropics
of theAmericas, where humidity is high.
What are the 2 Sub 1) Unitarian - Same organism causes all 4
theories of the Pre- disease but different manifestation due to
Colombian theory: location specifics.
2) Non- Unitarian - originally it may have been
one organism but mutation occurred and started
with pinta then to yaws then to endemic and
later into venereal.
What is the causative -Early observes belived that syphilis was God's
agent of syphilis? punishment for human sexual excesses.
-Later Fracastoro theorized that syphilis was a
result of seed contagion.
- Until 1905, Schaudinn and Hoffman in
Germany identified the bacterium in the
syphilitic chancres. The microbe was called
Treponema, and its species pallidum. Humans are the only natural host for T.pallidum.
Why did it take so It was confused and associated with another
long to identify the venereal disease, gonorrhea.
cause of syphilis?
What scientist injected1748, John Hunter wanted to prove that they
himself with the were the same and all he needed to show was
disease to prove that that the pus "wet case" from the patient, a wet
gonorrhea and syphiliscase, could produce a chancre or a dry case.
were the same?
Who demonstrated Philippe Ricord. He also determined the 3
that gonorrhea and stages of syphilis: primary, secondary and
syphilis were different tertiary.
Who said that syphilis • Rudolph Virchow (mid 19th century).
is transmitted through
Where is yaws located Located in the tropical equatorial areas - South
in the world and