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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Michael Inzlicht

Lecture NotesLecture 11 Brain Damage and Language The Aphasias13 BASIC THINGS THAT CAN HAPPEN WITH LANGUAGE1 Input and deciphered2 Language is integrated and computed3 Language is outputted or expressed How Language worksLanguage comes in to the primary receptive area in the temporal lobe then it is sent to the Wernickes area behind it to be decoded and understood then it is sent to the Brocas area for language output APHASIASLanguage problems are usually referred to as aphasias Receptive Aphasias Receiving languagePure Word DeafnessIt is problems in relating incoming sounds into representations which allow the understanding of discourse They can hear sounds but cannot comprehend languageInvolves some sort of stroke in the dorsal portion of temporal lobe near the primary receptive area for audition What they cancannot doThey have a normal ability to readwrite and speak They cannot repeat what is said and cannot obey verbal commands Integrative Aphasias Understanding languageInvolves problems in selecting and arranging meaning units and their eventual conversion into
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