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Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

Test #2 Leprosy (Hansens Disease), Tuberculosis, and evil air but not contagious, Aristotle (384-322 BC) TB may be due to Syphilis bad and heavy breath Leprosy-disease of soul -documented in China, Egypt, India -abnormal spinal deformities due to tuber in skeleton -written in Egyptian Papyrus document (1550 BC) and Indian -origins: first limited to animals in prehistoric times, changes in writings (600BC), Ancient Greece after Alex the Great returned host and environment may caused it to be transmitted to humans, from India (320 BC) and Rome (62 BC) with return of Pompeii Troops from Asia Minor claims of super powers during middle ages, royal ppl healing powers Kings Evil or Royal Touching -thought to be: hereditary, punishment of god, or by curse -Modern History: fracastorius made ref. to being caused by germs in -leprosariums(lazaretto, leper colony, lazar house) first one in lungs leading to TB called Modern Theory of Contagion, consumption aka tuber leading cause of death in London, sylvius england 936 AD clinical work and discovers lung nodules tubercles, marten tb may th th -mid 12 century lost status and removal from public office be transmitted from human to human, 19 tb spread to rest of th Europe by 1900 reached NA -13 - 19000 leprosariums used -1839 tuberculosis used, leprosy still a epidemic scare -mass of separation: no fountain drinking, small halls, wear gloves, -mid 19 tb romanticized no touching children -tb curable dr brehmer (1854) -decline around 1350 AD -spread to NA -sanitoriums took care of ppl. Last one in 1970. 1896 started. -Dr. Armauer Hansen of Norway 1873:delivered leprosy germ under -Etiology: agent-tubercle bacillus germ mycobacterium tuberculosis, microscope called mycobacteriusm leprae (M. leprae), now called acid fast bacillus. 3 main types of human: type 1, india, least Hansens Disease virulent. Type A china, Africa, japan, Europe, NA. type B exclusive NA and Europe -Etiology: slow multiplying bacillus, avg. doubling time 12-14 days, incubation period 3-5 yrs., thought to be transmitted through -forms of TB: several animal forms, bovine type may lead to pulmonary TB (most common) or military TB, common in infants, sneezing droplets during closefrequent contact, not highly infectious, may link genetic susceptibility, mainly affects fatal within weeks or days skin,nerves, mucous membranes -spread through air eg)cough sneeze 300 000 per sneeze -Risk: affect anyone, common in warm, wet areas of (sub)tropics, -only ppl with active lung tb infectious. You can get tb again ages 10-14 and 35-44 -left untreated affect 10-15 per year -in other parts TB-kidney or spine (potts d
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