Snail Fever- detailed study guide

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

Disease History TransmissionBacteria Symptoms TreatmentPreventionDiag nosis Pharaohs Plague - Marc Armand (1910) - Parasite- eggs, miracidia, - eggs accumulate in organs - Examining stools and urine (Snail Fever, found calcified eggs of the and cercariae (microscopic) blocking blood flow, causing under light microscope to find -Transmitted by feces, urine, tissue death eggs Schistosomiasis, etc) blood fluke in kidneys of - Remedies for this mummies water, snails, or flatworm - liver becomes filled with - Prevention: education, disease described in - Fossil snails found in -miracidia able to penetrate scar tissue treatment, control of snail Ebers papyrus, well water of Jericho freshwater snails found - blood in urine (hematuria) vector using molluscidies, - 1-2mths: fever, chills, provide safe water supply suggesting this disease (this allowed them to be in larva able to penetrate was widespread defeated by Joshuas tails of mice mice infected vomiting, headache, cough - Treatment: (1919) IV - In tomb reliefs, there Army) with S. Japonicum - 6-12mths: organ administration of antimony were images of - Theodore Bilharz enlargement (liver and compound and (1929) -snail vector is critical to spleen) injections of another fishermanbargemen (German doctor in Egypt- transmission with enlarged abdomens 1851) found worms in -cannot be transmitted - Symptoms depends of # of compound, but both were toxic (snail fever or blood fluke blood vessel- connected through ingestion because worms present
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