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University of Toronto Scarborough
Health Studies
Anna Walsh

HLTB01H3Y: Health, Aging and the Life Cycle Department of Health Studies University of Toronto at Scarborough Summer 2010 Instructor: Anna Walsh. Term: Summer 2010 Mondays 10 a.m.-12 p.m. Lecture Room: SW 319. July 192010. Social Support, Health, and Aging. A&G: Chapter 11 . Social Support, Health, and Aging N Social support is important for both mental health and physical health throughout the life span, but it may be especially important in late life. Characteristics of the Social Support Network Functions of Social Support - Three functions of social support have been identified: o aid (instrumental help): help with ADL and IADL o affect (emotional support): Empathy, caring, companionship o affirmation (acknowledgment of ones values or agreement with ones attitudes): membership and acceptance into a group - On average elderly get 1-3 hours of support care a week o 1 hour for a shower - Difficult for them to remain independent when they have mobility limitations - Many claim they are managing because of support from friends or relatives Social Support Networks Informal Support - Informal support network members consist of family, friends, and neighbours generally the primary caregivers - Voluntary support, not paid for by the government - Voluntary assistance, love, respect - Innermost circle: most stable members of group, family, close friends - Relationships with friends o Provide tension reduction o More important than support from relatives - share similar histories o Valued because they are voluntary, and quality may be higher - Men typically have wives as their main confidants, but women have many people they can confide in - African American caregivers > provide higher intensity care, less likely to report care giving difficulties, caregivers were at risk of poorer health because did not use formal support Quasi-Formal Support 1 www.notesolution.com
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