Lecture 7 Study Notes

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Health Studies
Jason Ramsay

Lecture #7: Evaluating Early Childhood Programs Monday, February 28 2011h What is a Systematic Review? A systematic review is a careful analysis of already published data, usually from peer-reviewed journal papers It is a means of generating useful knowledge, drawing on what has already been published Used to identify effectiveness of treatments, across many trials Used to identify gaps in knowledge Used to inform and shape policy at the government level Quality Control In a systematic review, quality control is important Exhaustive search of databases Criteria for including research articles is stringent Makes sure that the best science gets evaluated The procedure is comprehensive, and time consuming Also, one can average effect sizes (measures of effectiveness of treatments) and give an overall number of effectiveness Examples There is a special clearinghouse for many systematic reviews called The Cochrane Review http:www.cochrane.orgreviews Other types of reviews called realist reviews can go beyond published science to interview people, and survey other forms of data (newspaper articles, etc.) www.notesolution.com
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